Ana Raquel Esteves

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Mitochondria likely play a role in Parkinson's disease (PD) neurodegeneration. We modelled PD by creating cytoplasmic hybrid (cybrid) cell lines in which endogenous mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from PD or control subject platelets was expressed within human teratocarcinoma (NT2) cells previously depleted of endogenous mtDNA. Complex I activity was reduced in(More)
In Parkinson's disease mitochondrial dysfunction can lead to a deficient ATP supply to microtubule protein motors leading to mitochondrial axonal transport disruption. Compromised axonal transport will then lead to a disorganized distribution of mitochondria and other organelles in the cell, as well as, the accumulation of aggregated proteins like(More)
Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) is a large, ubiquitous protein of unknown function. Mutations in the gene encoding LRRK2 have been linked to familial and sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD) cases. The LRRK2 protein is a single polypeptide that displays GTPase and kinase activity. Kinase and GTPase domains are involved in different cellular signaling(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and alpha-synuclein oligomerization occur in Parkinson disease (PD). We used an in vitro PD cybrid approach that models these three phenomena specifically to evaluate the impact of mitochondria-derived oxidative stress on alpha-synuclein oligomerization. Compared with control cybrid cell lines, reactive oxygen(More)
Calpain is a ubiquitous calcium-sensitive protease that is essential for normal physiologic neuronal function. However, mitochondrial-mediated-calcium homeostasis alterations may lead to its pathologic activation that jeopardizes neuronal structure and function. Here, we provide evidence to support a role for the involvement of calpain 1 in(More)
While the etiology of Parkinson's disease remains largely elusive, there is accumulating evidence suggesting that mitochondrial dysfunction occurs prior to the onset of symptoms in Parkinson's disease. Mitochondria are remarkably primed to play a vital role in neuronal cell survival since they are key regulators of energy metabolism (as ATP producers), of(More)
Sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by a loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Many cellular mechanisms are thought to be involved in the death of these specific neurons in PD, including oxidative stress, changes of intracellular calcium homeostasis, and mitochondrial(More)
Mitochondrial metabolism is a highly orchestrated phenomenon in which many enzyme systems cooperate in a variety of pathways to dictate cellular fate. As well as its vital role in cellular energy metabolism (ATP production), mitochondria are powerful organelles that regulate reactive oxygen species production, NAD+/NADH ratio and programmed cell death. In(More)
Accumulating data suggests that mitochondrial deficits may underline both sporadic and familial Parkinson’s disease (PD) neurodegenerative process. Impairment of mitochondrial dynamics results in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, decreases mitochondrial membrane potential, and could potentiate the accumulation of dysfunctional mitochondria.(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with perturbed mitochondria function and alpha-synuclein fibrillization. We evaluated potential mechanistic links between mitochondrial dysfunction and alpha-synuclein aggregation. We studied a PD cytoplasmic hybrid (cybrid) cell line in which platelet mitochondria from a PD subject were transferred to NT2 neuronal(More)