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Thymus-derived FOXP3-expressing regulatory T-cells (tTregs) are master orchestrators of physiological and pathological immune responses, thus constituting ideal targets for the treatment of autoimmunity. Despite their clinical importance, the developmental program governing their differentiation in the human thymus remains poorly understood. Here, we(More)
A folded symplectic form on a manifold is a closed 2-form with the mildest possible de-generacy along a hypersurface. A special class of folded symplectic manifolds are the origami sym-plectic manifolds, studied by Cannas da Silva, Guillemin and Pires, who classified toric origami man-ifolds by combinatorial origami templates. In this paper, we examine the(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin 22 (IL-22) is emerging as a key cytokine for gut epithelial homeostasis and mucosal repair. Gut disruption is a hallmark of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Here, we investigated IL-22 production and gut mucosal integrity in HIV type 1 (HIV-1)-infected individuals receiving long-term antiretroviral therapy (ART). (More)
FOXP3-expressing regulatory T cells (Treg) are essential for the prevention of autoimmunity and were shown to be reduced and/or dysfunctional in several autoimmune diseases. Although Treg-based adoptive transfer represents a promising therapy, the large cell number required to achieve clinical efficacy constitutes an important limitation. Therefore, novel(More)
UNLABELLED A unique HIV-host equilibrium exists in untreated HIV-2-infected individuals. This equilibrium is characterized by low to undetectable levels of viremia throughout the disease course, despite the establishment of disseminated HIV-2 reservoirs at levels comparable to those observed in untreated HIV-1 infection. Although the clinical spectrum is(More)
" Codimension one symplectic foliations and regular Poisson structures. The MIT Faculty has made this article openly available. Please share how this access benefits you. Your story matters. Dedicated to the memory of Paulette Libermann whose cosymplectic manifolds play a fundamental role in this paper. Abstract. In this short note we give a complete(More)
The construction, evaluation and analytical application of potentiometric sensors sensitive to vitamin B1 and vitamin B6 are reported. The solid contact electrodes were produced using beta-cyclodextrins as ionophores in a carboxylated poly(vinyl chloride) support matrix. Near Nernstian slopes (mV/decade) of 51.7+/-0.8, 60.6+/-0.6 and 61.1+/-1.4, within the(More)
Naïve FoxP3-expressing regulatory T-cells (Tregs) are essential to control immune responses via continuous replenishment of the activated-Treg pool with thymus-committed suppressor cells. The mechanisms underlying naïve-Treg maintenance throughout life in face of the age-associated thymic involution remain unclear. We found that in adults thymectomized(More)