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BACKGROUND Evidence suggests a causal relationship between obesity and asthma; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Substance P (SP), involved in neurogenic inflammation by acting through its receptor NK1-R, seems to participate in obese-asthma phenotype in mice. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the effect of a selective substance P receptor(More)
Anti-VEGF therapy proved to be useful against several ocular pathological situations, including choroidal neovascularization and proliferative retinopathies. Ranibizumab (Ran), Pegaptanib (Peg) and Bevacizumab (Bev) are the pharmacological agents more frequently used in clinical practice by intravitreal injection. However, their exact effects on the(More)
BACKGROUND Angiogenesis, a complex multistep process that comprehends proliferation, migration and anastomosis of endothelial cells (EC), has a major role in the development of pathologic conditions such as inflammatory diseases, tumor growth and metastasis. Brazilian flora, the most diverse in the world, is an interesting spot to prospect for new chemical(More)
Given its broad effects in endothelium, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) represents the primary rate-limiting step of angiogenesis. Therefore, VEGF targeting therapies were soon developed. Bevacizumab and ranibizumab are two of these therapeutic agents already in clinical use. Bevacizumab was first used for cancer treatment, whereas ranibizumab was(More)
AIM A number of studies have shown an association between obesity and asthma. Controversy remains on the mechanisms supporting this association. In this study we aimed to assess neurogenic inflammation in a model of diet-induced obesity and allergen-challenged mice. METHODS High fat diet-induced (HFD) obese Balb/c mice were sensitized and challenged with(More)
For many years mushrooms have been used empirically in traditional medicine to treat several diseases. Study of the maitake mushroom, with its immunomodulatory and antitumoral properties, has led to the isolation of several bioactive compounds. One of these, D fraction, is known to reduce tumor cell viability. This study examined the effect of isolated D(More)
In previous in vitro studies, we showed that imatinib abrogated platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFRα) signaling, disrupting both breast cancer and smooth muscle cells (SMC). PDGF is also a powerful mitogen for neural crest origin cells like melanocytes. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of imatinib on melanoma growth(More)
Adipose tissue dysfunction is an important determinant of obesity-associated, lipid-induced metabolic complications. Ceramides are well-known mediators of lipid-induced insulin resistance in peripheral organs such as muscle. DEGS1 is the desaturase catalyzing the last step in the main ceramide biosynthetic pathway. Functional suppression of DEGS1 activity(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Obesity has been associated with both changes in adipose tissue lipid metabolism and inflammation. A key class of lipid-derived signalling molecules involved in inflammation are the prostaglandins. In this study, we aimed to determine how obesity affects the levels of prostaglandins within white adipose tissue (WAT) and determine which(More)