Ana Perez-Castillo

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In most neurodegenerative disorders, including multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, and Alzheimer disease, a massive neuronal cell death occurs as a consequence of an uncontrolled inflammatory response, where activated astrocytes and microglia and their cytotoxic agents play a crucial pathological role. Current treatments for these diseases are not(More)
We have quantitated in adult and developing rat tissues the molar concentrations of c-erbA alpha 1- and beta 1-mRNAs, which code for nuclear T3-binding proteins, and c-erbA alpha 2-mRNA, which is generated by alternate splicing of the alpha gene transcript and codes for a receptor variant that does not bind T3. Comparison of the concentrations of c-erbA(More)
CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein-beta (C/EBPbeta) is a transcription factor that plays an important role in regulating cell growth and differentiation. This protein plays a central role in lymphocyte and adipocyte differentiation and hepatic regeneration and in the control of inflammation and immunity in the liver and in cells of the myelomonocytic lineage.(More)
Inflammation and neurodegeneration coexist in many acute damage and chronic CNS disorders (e.g., stroke, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease). A well characterized animal model of brain damage involves administration of kainic acid, which causes limbic seizure activity and subsequent neuronal death, especially in the CA1 and CA3 pyramidal cells and(More)
Cumulative evidence strongly supports that glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is a pathogenic molecule when it is up-dysregulated, emerging as an important therapeutic target in severe unmet human diseases. GSK-3 specific inhibitors might be promising effective drugs for the treatment of devastating pathologies such as neurodegenerative diseases, stroke,(More)
The transcription factor NGFI-A is an early response gene that has been implicated in the regulation of cell growth and differentiation and, more recently, in apoptosis. This gene is expressed in many tissues, and is very abundant in the brain. However, little is known about its functional role in the differentiation of this tissue. In the present work we(More)
C/EBPβ is a leucine-zipper transcription factor implicated in the control of metabolism, development, cell differentiation, and proliferation. However, it remains unclear its role in tumor development. Here, we show that down-regulation of C/EBPβ by RNA interference inhibits proliferation in the GL261 murine glioblastoma cell line, induces an arrest of the(More)
Phosphodiesterase (PDE) 7 is involved in proinflammatory processes, being widely expressed both on lymphocytes and on certain brain regions. Specific inhibitors of PDE7 have been recently reported as potential new drugs for the treatment of neurological disorders because of their ability to increase intracellular levels of cAMP and thus to modulate the(More)
Gangliogliomas and gangliocytomas are rare and benign neuronal tumors which affect young subjects. This study concerns 3 cases of ganglioglioma and 3 cases of gangliocytoma explored by CT and MRI and confirmed by pathological examination. The most typical CT image was that of an often calcified contrast-enhanced cystic tumor. At MRI, each tumor emitted a(More)
We have examined pathological criteria in 16 cases of infratentorial ependymomas of childhood using a conventional histological approach, with immunohistochemistry and silver nucleolar organizer region staining (AgNORs). We have found that some of these criteria are of prognostic value. The following histological features were evaluated in each case:(More)