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AIM To assess the validity and the short-term reproducibility of a semi-quantitative, self-administrated food frequency questionnaire and a structured 72-hour recall in a Mediterranean Spanish population. METHODS 44 free-living volunteers participated in the study. Macronutrient, vitamin and mineral intake, recorded on the food frequency questionnaire and(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To establish the prevalence of main cardiovascular risk factors in the province of Gerona, where the incidence of myocardial infarction is known to be low. DESIGN This was a cross sectional study of prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors conducted on a large random population sample. SETTING The province of Gerona, Spain. (More)
Recently, we synthesized and characterized the first selective V(1b) vasopressin (VP)/oxytocin receptor agonist, d[Cha(4)]arginine vasopressin. However, this agonist was only selective for the human receptors. We thus decided to design a selective V(1b) agonist for the rodent species. We started from previous observations showing that modifying(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the association between the loss-of-function cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19)*2 variant (10 studies, 11,959 patients) or the use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) (13 studies, 48,674 patients) and ischemic outcomes (major adverse cardiovascular events [MACE]) in patients treated with clopidogrel. BACKGROUND In(More)
BACKGROUND Community-based registries provide the best approach to assessing the impact of myocardial infarction (MI) in a population. The objective of the present study was to determine MI mortality, incidence, attack rate and 28-day case fatality in the province of Gerona, Spain from 1990 to 1992. METHODS Standardized methods were used to find, register(More)
The neurohypophyseal peptides arginine vasopressin (AVP) and oxytocin (OT) mediate a wide variety of peripheral and central physiological and behavioral effects by acting on four different G-protein coupled receptors, termed V1a (vascular), V1b (pituitary), V2 (renal), and OT (uterine). We recently reported that d[Cha4]AVP (A), d[Leu4]AVP (B), d[Orn4]AVP(More)
BACKGROUND Clopidogrel loading has mostly been studied in clopidogrel-naïve patients. Whether clopidogrel-treated patients readmitted for an acute coronary syndrome or percutaneous coronary intervention can benefit from a new load of clopidogrel and at what dose remain unknown. Our aim was to evaluate the impact of 3 different strategies of administration(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine whether the pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) responses to high or standard clopidogrel loading doses (LDs) differ according to CYP2C19*2 allele. BACKGROUND CYP2C19 loss-of-function alleles are associated with reduced responsiveness to standard clopidogrel doses. METHODS Young post-myocardial(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the ability of the bedside test Hemochron Jr. Hemonox (International Technidyne Corporation, Edison, New Jersey) to identify patients with insufficient anti-Xa activity level in the catheterization laboratory. BACKGROUND Inadequate anticoagulation in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to analyze the composition of coronary thrombus in vivo in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. BACKGROUND The dynamic process of intracoronary thrombus formation in STEMI patients is poorly understood. METHODS Intracoronary thrombi (n = 45) were obtained by thromboaspiration in 288 consecutive STEMI patients(More)