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Lysosomal cysteine proteases from mammalian cells and plants are regulated by endogenous tight-binding inhibitors from the cystatin superfamily. The presence of cystatin-like inhibitors in lower eukaryotes such as protozoan parasites has not yet been demonstrated, although these cells express large quantities of cysteine proteases and may also count on(More)
The major isoform of Trypanosoma cruzi cysteinyl proteinase (cruzipain) has generated Lys-bradykinin (Lys-BK or kallidin), a proinflammatory peptide, by proteolysis of kininogen. The releasing of this peptide was demonstrated by mass spectrometry, radioimmunoassay, and ileum contractile responses. The kinin-releasing activity was immunoabsorbed selectively(More)
Cysteine-proteinases from parasitic protozoa have been recently characterized as factors of virulence and pathogenicity in several human and veterinary diseases. In Chagas' disease, the chronic infection caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, structure-functional studies on cysteine proteases were thus far limited to the parasite's major isoform, a cathepsin L-like(More)
Human infection with Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas' disease) is usually accompanied by humoral and cellular immune responses to GP57/51, a major antigen that was recently identified as a prominent cysteinyl proteinase (cruzipain). The PBMC responses of 11 chronic chagasic patients and the properties of anti-cruzipain T cell lines are reported herein. GP57/51,(More)
Trypanosoma cruzi relies on highly galactosylated molecules as virulence factors and the enzymes involved in sugar biosynthesis are potential therapeutic targets. The synthesis of UDP-galactose in T. cruzi requires the activity of phosphoglucomutase (PGM), the enzyme that catalyzes the interconversion of glucose-6-phosphate and glucose-1-phosphate. Several(More)
BACKGROUND Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi), is a complex disease endemic in Central and South America. It has been gathering interest due to increases in non-vectorial forms of transmission, especially in developed countries. The objective of this work was to investigate if adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stromal(More)
The Trypanosoma cruzi cysteine protease cruzipain contains a 130-amino-acid C-terminal extension, in addition to the catalytic domain. Natural cruzipain is a complex of isoforms, because of the simultaneous expression of several genes, and the presence of either high mannose-type, hybrid monoantennary-type or complex biantenary-type oligosacharide chains at(More)
Trypanosomatids rely on peptidases as potent virulence factors and were recently found to contain a unique set of natural peptidase inhibitors not found in higher eukaryotes or in yeast, but present in a limited number of bacteria. Cha-gasin, identified in Trypanosoma cruzi, is a tight-binding, high affinity inhibitor of papain-like cysteine peptidases that(More)