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AIMS To test the influence of caffeine on the lower and upper motor neuron excitability. METHODS In Experiment A, 18 healthy subjects received 200 mg of caffeine or placebo, in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled design protocol. Mean F-waves amplitude, amplitude of the motor response evoked by magnetic stimulation (MEP), MEP duration, cortical(More)
UNLABELLED Heart failure (HF) remains a major diagnostic challenge. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and the N-terminal portion of proBNP (NT-proBNP) have emerged as excellent diagnostic biohumoral indicators in cardiac disease. It is not clear which of the two is superior as a diagnostic marker in HF. OBJECTIVE To compare the ability of BNP and NT-proBNP(More)
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