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Morphology and membrane lipid composition of erythrocytes from neonates (jaundiced and healthy) and adults (before and after incubation with bilirubin) were studied. The morphological index, expressing the relative proportions of the different stages of cell distortion, and the membrane cholesterol, phospholipids and cholesterol/phospholipids molar ratio,(More)
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) of milk and serum samples are a routinely used method of screening herds for Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). Infection with MAP causes granulomatous enteritis of ruminants known as Johne's disease (JD). The sensitivity (Se) and specificity (Sp) of MAP ELISAs leads to difficulties in the(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to evaluate the impact of the mouth breathing occurred during childhood on the body posture in the adult age. METHODS 24 adults, of both genders, aged from 18 to 30 years old with report of clinical manifestations of mouth breathing during the childhood composed the study group (SG). The control group (CG) was composed by 20(More)
Mouth breathing may cause changes in muscle activity, because an upper airway obstruction leads may cause a person to extend his/her head forward, demanding a higher inspiratory effort on the accessory muscles (sternocleidomastoids). This purpose of this study is to compare, using electromyography (EMG), the activity pattern the sternocleidomastoid and(More)
INTRODUCTION  The act of swallowing depends on a complex and dynamic process which uses common structures to the act of breathing; respiratory problems can cause swallowing difficulties. AIM  To assess the swallowing pharyngeal phase in patients with chronic cough. METHOD  Retrospective study with 15 patients of both genders, patients with chronic cough(More)
The propagation of cortical spreading depression (SD) and the incidence of "spontaneous" SD were enhanced in rats after rapid-eye-movement sleep deprivation (REMD) as compared to control animals. Pseudo-deprived rats were similar to controls, suggesting that the facilitatory effect on SD is due to REMD rather than to the stress accompanying deprivation. In(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate body posture and the distribution of plantar pressure at physiologic rest of the mandible and during maximal intercuspal positions in subjects with and without temporomandibular disorder (TMD). METHODS Fifty-one subjects were assessed by the Diagnostic Criteria for Research on Temporomandibular Disorders and(More)
Weanling male and female Wistar rats, whose mothers received low protein diet (6.8%) during pregnancy and lactation, were fed on the same diet of their mothers and trained in an active avoidance situation at the ages of 60, 90 or 120 days. Control animals fed on a 20% protein diet of the same age groups were submitted to similar training. The consolidation(More)
INTRODUCTION  Stroke is considered one of the most frequent neurological causes of oropharyngeal dysphagia. AIM  To determine the effect of cryostimulation on oropharyngeal sensitivity and, subsequently, on the swallowing reaction and premature escape of food in patients with neurogenic dysphagia after stroke. METHODS  Clinical and experimental study.(More)
INTRODUCTION  Hyperplasia of the pharyngeal tonsil is one of the main causes of mouth breathing, and accurate diagnosis of this alteration is important for proper therapeutic planning. Therefore, studies have been conducted in order to provide information regarding the procedures that can be used for the diagnosis of pharyngeal obstruction. OBJECTIVE  To(More)
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