Ana Maria Menezes Vieira-Saecker

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Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders affecting about 1% of Western populations older than age 50. The pathological hallmark of PD are Lewy bodies, that is, intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies in affected neurons of the substantia nigra. Recently, alpha-synuclein (alpha-SYN) has been identified as the main component of(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) is a late manifesting neurodegenerative disorder in humans caused by an expansion of a CAG trinucleotide repeat of more than 39 units in a gene of unknown function. Several mouse models have been reported which show rapid progression of a phenotype leading to death within 3-5 months (transgenic models) resembling the rare juvenile(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the direct DNA testing for Huntington's disease (HD) in Germany, Switzerland, and Austria from 1993 to 1997, and to analyze the population with regard to age structure, gender, and family history. METHODS Twelve laboratories (nine in Germany, two in Austria, and one in Switzerland) recorded data pertaining to repeat number, gender, age(More)
Autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) are a group of clinically and genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorders which lead to progressive cerebellar ataxia. A gene responsible for SCA type 2 has been mapped to human chromosome 12 and the disease causing mutation has been identified as an unstable and expanded (CAG)n trinucleotide(More)
Ataxin-3 (AT3), the disease protein in spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3), has been associated with the ubiquitin-proteasome system and transcriptional regulation. Here we report that normal AT3 binds to target DNA sequences in specific chromatin regions of the matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) gene promoter and represses transcription by recruitment of(More)
Autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorder which leads to progressive cerebellar ataxia. A gene responsible for SCA type 3 has been mapped to human chromosome 14q, close to the Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) locus. The MJD1 gene has recently been cloned and the disease causing(More)
Recently, moderate (CAG)>20 repeat expansions in the alpha1A-voltage-dependent calcium channel gene (CACNL1A4) have been identified in a previously unmapped type of SCA which has been named SCA6. We investigated the (CAG)n repeat length of the CACNL1A4 gene in 733 patients with sporadic ataxia and in 46 German families with dominantly inherited SCA which do(More)
Neuroinflammation plays a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), resulting in the extensive activation of microglial and astroglial cells. Here we describe the role of myeloid-related protein Mrp14, a recently described amplifier of inflammation, in Alzheimer's disease and in the related amyloid precursor protein/presenilin1(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is a late-onset neurodegenerative disorder caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine tract within the gene product, ataxin-3. We have previously shown that mutant ataxin-3 causes upregulation of inflammatory genes in transgenic SCA3 cell lines and human SCA3 pontine neurons. We report here a complex pattern of(More)