Ana María Salinas

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BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a disorder associated to cigarette smoke and lung cancer (LC). Since epigenetic changes in oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) are clearly important in the development of LC. In this study, we hypothesize that tobacco smokers are susceptible for methylation in the promoter region of TSGs in(More)
Encephalitis by herpes simplex virus (HSV) is an sporadic and the most important cause of encephalitis in the western world. The aim of this study was to describe the main clinical features and response to therapy in a representative series of cases. Fifteen cases confirmed by polymerase chain reaction were identified in two university hospitals in(More)
Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) are frequently isolated from blood cultures, where they may be only a contaminant or the cause of bacteraemia. Determining whether an isolate of CNS represents a true CNS bacteraemia is difficult, and there is no single criterion with sufficient specificity. The aim of this study was to assess those clinical,(More)
BACKGROUND The frequency and intensity of menopausal symptoms within a given population, as assessed by several tools, may vary and depend on several factors, such as age, menopausal status, chronic conditions and personal and partner socio-demographic profile. OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency and intensity of menopausal symptoms and related risk(More)
Background: The objective was to compare the use of family planning methods during the immediate postpartum period and two years following childbirth among the adolescent females who had followed two different intervention programs during their pregnancies.
A polymerase chain reaction able to amplify Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA from clinical samples of extra-pulmonary origin is described. The PCR amplified a 294 base pair DNA fragment spanning positions 5'-782 to 3'-1075 of the 65 kDa M. tuberculosis antigen gene. The procedure enables amplification of target DNA at quantities as low as 1 pg of purified(More)
BACKGROUND Human calciviruses (HuCVs) cause diarrhea outbreaks associated with consumption of contaminated food and water. Seroepidemiological studies in developing countries, suggest that HuCVs can cause acute gastroenteritis in children. AIM To study the presence of Norwalk (NV) and Mexico (MX) virus, two HuCVs, in stools of Chilean children from(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori, the main cause of peptic ulcer disease and gastric cancer in adult populations, is generally acquired during the first years of life. Infection can be persistent or transient and bacterial and host factors determining persistence are largely unknown and may prove relevant for future disease. METHODS Two cohorts of healthy(More)
The infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is highly prevalent in our country and is considered an emergent pathology in developed countries. The amplification of specific gene segments with diagnostics purposes is an alternative to identify fastidious and slow growing infective agents, being Mycobacterium tuberculosis one of them. Two polymerase(More)