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  • S Rodriguez-Cuenca, M Monjo, A M Proenza, P Roca
  • 2005
Sex hormones play an important role in adipose tissue metabolism by activating specific receptors that alter several steps of the lipolytic and lipogenic signal cascade in depot- and sex-dependent manners. However, studies focusing on steroid receptor status in adipose tissue are scarce. In the present study, we analyzed steroid content [testosterone (T),(More)
High fat diets (HFD) usually lead to hyperphagia and body weight gain. However, macronutrient proportions in the diet can modulate energy intake and body fat deposition. The aim of the study was to investigate muscle and liver oxidative metabolism in response to an isocaloric intake of a HFD and to elucidate the possible gender-dependent response. Eight(More)
The description of different plasma amino acid profiles for specific types of cancer suggests that the metabolic alterations brought about by each type of tumor determine their own, distinctive profile of plasma amino acids. However, the blood cell pool represents an important percentage of the total amount of amino acids and has been reported to undergo(More)
Obesity-induced mitochondrial dysfunction in white adipose tissue (WAT) leads to a dysregulation of adipokine secretion, which is involved in insulin resistance development. Taking into account the sex differences previously found both in mitochondrial function and for the insulin sensitivity profile in different tissues, the aim of this study was to(More)
OBJECTIVE Given the important role of the beta2-adrenoceptor (beta2-AR) in lipid mobilization and the lack of studies in Southern European countries, the aim of this study was to investigate the role of the glutamine 27 glutamic acid (Gln27Glu) beta2-AR polymorphism in the susceptibility to obesity and its metabolic complications in a population-based(More)
Obesity is linked to systemic oxidative stress and, although brown adipose tissue (BAT) plays a crucial role in energy balance, BAT redox status effects on obesity have not been studied previously. Female rats exhibit a greater BAT thermogenic capacity, attributed to enhanced mitochondrial differentiation, than males. The aim of this study was to(More)
Muscle resistance to insulin plays a key role in the metabolic dysregulation associated to obesity. A pro-inflammatory and pro-oxidant status has been proposed to be the link between dietary obesity and insulin resistance. Given the gender differences previously found in mitochondrial function and oxidative stress, the aim of the present study was to(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Mitochondrial biogenesis includes both mitochondrial proliferation and differentiation and its regulation under different physiological conditions is not clear. Given the sexual dimorphism previously found in mitochondrial function, the aim of this study was to investigate the gender-dependent effect of chronic high-fat-diet (HFD) feeding on(More)
Taking into account the sexual dimorphism previously reported regarding mitochondrial function and biogenesis in brown adipose tissue, the aim of the present study was to go further into these differences by investigating the effect of ovariectomy and 17-β estradiol (E2) replacement on brown adipose tissue mitochondrial function. In this study,(More)
Ectopic deposition of lipids in liver and other extrahepatic tissues alters their function and occurs once adipose tissue fat storage capacity is exceeded. We investigated sexual dimorphism in the effects of dietary obesity on the liver insulin signaling pathway, as well as its connection to differences in hepatic fat accumulation. Ten-week-old Wistar rats(More)