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The Parkinsonian syndrome induced by pesticides is associated with the impairment of mitochondrial function. Toxicants that inhibit selectively NADH-dehydrogenase activity, as rotenone or pyridaben, also show a selective inhibition of O2 uptake and respiratory control in rat brain mitochondria in the presence of NAD-dependent substrates. The IC50 of(More)
Apolipoprotein D (apo D), a lipocalin transporter of small hydrophobic molecules could play an important role in several neurodegenerative diseases. However, its role in those diseases remains unclear. Increments of apo D have been reported in relation with injury and degeneration in the nervous system. Recently increases of apo D level have been reported(More)
BACKGROUND Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) differentiates mild from moderate/severe patients on the basis of 4 severity items. The high prevalence of moderate/severe patients suggests the need to differentiate between them. OBJECTIVES To identify the categorization that maximizes discrimination between moderate and severe allergic(More)
Two genes, xynD and gluB, encoding a xylanase and an endo-beta-(1,3)-(1,4)-glucanase (lichenase) from Bacillus polymyxa have been cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. A sequenced DNA fragment of 4,466 bp contains both genes, which are separated by 155 bp. The xynD and gluB genes encode proteins of 67.8 kDa (XYND) and 27 kDa(More)
Behavioral tests, tightrope success, and exploratory activity in a T maze were conducted with male and female mice for 65 wk. Four groups were defined: the lower performance slow males and slow females and the higher performance fast males and fast females. Fast females showed the longest life span and the highest performance, and slow males showed the(More)
Male mice receiving vitamin E (5.0 g alpha-tocopherol acetate/kg of food) from 28 wk of age showed a 40% increased median life span, from 61 +/- 4 wk to 85 +/- 4 wk, and 17% increased maximal life span, whereas female mice equally supplemented exhibited only 14% increased median life span. The alpha-tocopherol content of brain and liver was 2.5-times and(More)
Presence of intracytoplasmatic apolipoprotein D (apo D), a lipophilic ligand transporter, was investigated in normal human brains between 20 and 55 years, using an anti-human apolipoprotein D antibody and extravidin-biotin-enhanced immunohistochemistry. Apo D immunoreactivity was found in neuroglial cells of white matter in all sampled brain regions studied(More)
Aged mammalian tissues show a decreased capacity to produce ATP by oxidative phosphorylation due to dysfunctional mitochondria. The mitochondrial content of rat brain and liver is not reduced in aging and the impairment of mitochondrial function is due to decreased rates of electron transfer by the selectively diminished activities of complexes I and IV.(More)
Minocycline, an antibiotic of the tetracycline family, has attracted considerable interest for its theoretical therapeutic applications in neurodegenerative diseases. However, the mechanism of action underlying its effect remains elusive. Here we have studied the effect of minocycline under excitotoxic conditions. Fluorescence and bioluminescence imaging(More)
3-Nitropropionic acid (3-NP), an inhibitor of the mitochondrial enzyme succinate dehydrogenase, induces neuronal degeneration in the striatum. It is known that dopamine (DA) enhances this toxic effect. In this work, we study how the increase of DA influences the toxic effect of 3-NP on DAergic terminals, GABAergic neurons, astroglia and microglia in the(More)