Ana María López-Colomé

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The termination of chemical neurotransmission in the central nervous system (CNS) involves the rapid removal of neurotransmitter from synapses. This is fulfilled by specific transport systems in neurons and glia, including those for gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), the main inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. Glial cells express the cloned(More)
The effect of L-glutamate (L-Glu) and its structural analogs N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), quisqualate (QA), and kainate (KA) on the DNA binding activity of the Activator Protein 1 (AP-1) and the Ca2+/cAMP Responsive Element Binding Protein (CREB) families of transcription factors was examined in cultured chick retinal Müller glia cells. L-Glu, NMDA, and KA(More)
3-[(RS)-2-Carboxypiperazin-4-yl]-propyl-1-phosphonic acid (CPP) has been known for some years as one of the most selective antagonists at the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor in the brain. The characteristics of the binding of [3H]CPP to chick retinal membranes were studied from the biochemical and pharmacological point of view. Magnesium induced a(More)
The N-methyl-D-aspartate family of glutamate receptors (NMDARs) are tetrameric cation channels including NR1, NR2, and possibly NR3 subunits. The physiological properties of the receptor are directly related to the subunit composition of the oligomer. Whereas NR1 is essential for the formation of functional channels, NR2 and NR3 play a modulatory role. This(More)
The expression of four genes (GluR 1; 2; 3; 4) encoding functional subunits of the alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA)/low affinity kainate (KA) subtype of glutamate receptors was investigated in chick radial glia, namely Bergmann and Müller glial cells, using Northern blot analysis with oligonucleotide probes. Both cell types(More)
Müller glial cells from the retina "in situ" and in primary culture, mainly express the high-affinity sodium-coupled glutamate/aspartate transporter GLAST-1, which dominates total retinal glutamate (Glu) uptake, suggesting a major role for these cells in the modulation of excitatory transmission. The possible involvement of ionotropic and metabotropic Glu(More)
The presence of excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptors coupled to phosphoinositide metabolism in primary cultures of Müller (glial) cells from the chick retina was established. The order of potency of analogues for stimulating [3H]inositol phosphate (IP) accumulation was quisqualate (QA) > L-glutamate (L-Glu) = kainate (KA) > N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) >(More)
The expression of the NMDA subtype of glutamate receptors was investigated by Western blot analysis and RT-PCR in cultured chick Bergmann and Müller glial cells. Using subunit-specific antibodies directed to the carboxy terminus of the rat NMDAR2A/B we detected the expression of the NMDAR2 subunit in both kinds of culture. The functional subunit of the NMDA(More)
Glycine (Gly) is considered an obligatory co-agonist at NMDA receptors. Müller glia from the retina harbor functional NMDA receptors, as well as low and high affinity Gly transporters, the later identified as GLYT1. We here studied the regulation of Gly transport in primary cultures of Müller glia, as this process could contribute to the modulation of NMDA(More)