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Dock10 is one of the three members of the Dock-D family of Dock proteins, a class of guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) for Rho GTPases. Its homologs Dock9 and Dock11 are Cdc42 GEFs. Dock10 is required for maintenance of rounded morphology and amoeboid-type movement. Full-length isoforms of Dock10 have been recently cloned. Here, we address GTPase(More)
It has been previously demonstrated that normal nonimmunized individuals possess circulating and tissular B cells, which are capable of spontaneous immunoglobulin (Ig) production in short-term (3 days) cultures. We have also observed the occurrence of low levels of [3H]thymidine uptake early in such cultures. This work analyzes the relationship between both(More)
In the present work we have studied the occurrence and the characteristics of human B lymphocytes which are capable of spontaneous immunoglobulin (Ig) production in short-term cultures. It was found that this type of B cells secreted predominantly IgG and were present in the circulation as well as in the lymphoid tissue (tonsil and lymph node) of normal(More)
Interleukin 4 (IL-4) induces B-cell differentiation and survival of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cells. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate mRNA and protein expression, and several miRNAs, deregulated in CLL, might play roles as oncogenes or tumor suppressors. We have studied the miRNA profile of CLL, and its response to IL-4, by oligonucleotide microarrays,(More)
Tetanus toxoid (tet) immunization of normal humans leads to the transient appearance in the circulation of large lymphoblastoid (LB) B cells, which spontaneously secrete IgG-tet in short-term cultures. The present work examines the effect of endogenous natural killer (NK) cells, as defined as CD 16+ cells, on the LB B cell subset. NK cell depletion by(More)
Immunoglobulins (Ig) were localized by immunofluorescence and immunoperoxidase techniques inside human milk macrophages (HMM phi). Immunoelectron microscopy was employed to study the distribution and localization of Ig within HMM phi. IgA and IgM were detected inside phagocytic vacuoles of different sizes in the vicinity of the cellular membrane and in the(More)
Dock10, a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for the Rho GTPases Rac1 and Cdc42, affects cell morphology, membrane protrusive activity, and cell movement. Dock10 is prominently expressed in lymphoid tissue and upregulated by IL-4 in B cells. To investigate the physiological role of Dock10, WT mice and Dock10 KO mice were used. KO mice showed decreased(More)
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