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Twenty-one-day-old Wistar rats were fed a diet containing 0.6% cuprizone for 2 weeks. Studies carried out after withdrawal of cuprizone showed histological evidences of marked demyelination in the corpus callosum. Biochemical studies of isolated myelin showed a marked decrease in myelin proteins, phospholipids, and galactocerebrosides as well as a marked(More)
Thyroid hormones have a significant influence on the development and maturation of the central nervous system. Among their actions, T3 and T4 have effects on the differentiation of various cell types in the rat brain and cerebellum as well as on the process of myelination. Recently, several investigators have shown effects of thyroid hormones on myelin(More)
Although a requirement of zinc (Zn) for normal brain development is well documented, the extent to which Zn can modulate neuronal proliferation and apoptosis is not clear. Thus, we investigated the role of Zn in the regulation of these two critical events. A low Zn availability leads to decreased cell viability in human neuroblastoma IMR-32 cells and(More)
The influence of zinc deficiency on the modulation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2), p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) was studied. Using human IMR-32 cells as a model of neuronal cells, the role of oxidants on MAPKs and activator protein-1 (AP-1) activation in zinc deficiency was(More)
Newborn Wistar rats were made hyperthyroid by injection of tri-iodothyronine and assayed for survival, brain oxygen uptake, brain chemiluminescence and activity of antioxidant enzymes. Brain chemiluminescence was measured (1) by removing the parietal bones or (2) through the translucid parietal bones. Control animals showed a brain chemiluminescence of 130(More)
We have recently shown that sustained neonatal hyperthyroidism in the rat activates apoptosis of oligodendroglial cells (OLGc) and that inhibition of the proteasome-ubiquitin (Ub) pathway by lactacystin produces increased apoptosis in cerebellar granule cells (CGC). In the present study we have analyzed the relationship between the activation of the(More)
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and derivatives are herbicides widely used in Argentina and other parts of the world. Exposure to 2,4-D, its ester and salt formulations, have been associated with a range of adverse health effects in humans and different animal species, from embryotoxicity and teratogenicity to neurotoxicity. In this work, we(More)
Due to long-term toxicity of current Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) treatment, the present challenge is to find new therapies that specifically target deregulated signaling cascades, including NF-kappaB, which are involved in Hodgkin (H) and Reed-Sternberg (RS) cell proliferation and resistance to apoptosis. We previously presented evidence that dimeric(More)
The multicatalytic protease complex or proteasome is a fundamental nonlysosomal tool that the cell uses to process or degrade proteins at a fast rate through the ubiquitin and ATP-dependent proteolytic pathway. Examples of these important proteins include the tumor suppressor protein p53, various cyclins, the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27, NFkappaB,(More)
Using in situ hybridization techniques with an RNA probe coding for approximately 3.5 repeats of ubiquitin, corresponding to the polyubiquitin genes, we were able to demonstrate that under normal conditions the expression of the ubiquitin genes predominates specially in regions CA1, CA2 and CA3 of the hippocampus, in the dentate gyrus and in Purkinje cells(More)