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Although a requirement of zinc (Zn) for normal brain development is well documented, the extent to which Zn can modulate neuronal proliferation and apoptosis is not clear. Thus, we investigated the role of Zn in the regulation of these two critical events. A low Zn availability leads to decreased cell viability in human neuroblastoma IMR-32 cells and(More)
The multicatalytic protease complex or proteasome is a fundamental nonlysosomal tool that the cell uses to process or degrade proteins at a fast rate through the ubiquitin and ATP-dependent proteolytic pathway. Examples of these important proteins include the tumor suppressor protein p53, various cyclins, the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27, NFkappaB,(More)
The influence of zinc deficiency on the modulation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2), p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) was studied. Using human IMR-32 cells as a model of neuronal cells, the role of oxidants on MAPKs and activator protein-1 (AP-1) activation in zinc deficiency was(More)
Newborn Wistar rats were made hyperthyroid by injection of tri-iodothyronine and assayed for survival, brain oxygen uptake, brain chemiluminescence and activity of antioxidant enzymes. Brain chemiluminescence was measured (1) by removing the parietal bones or (2) through the translucid parietal bones. Control animals showed a brain chemiluminescence of 130(More)
Twenty-one-day-old Wistar rats were fed a diet containing 0.6% cuprizone for 2 weeks. Studies carried out after withdrawal of cuprizone showed histological evidences of marked demyelination in the corpus callosum. Biochemical studies of isolated myelin showed a marked decrease in myelin proteins, phospholipids, and galactocerebrosides as well as a marked(More)
Thyroid hormones have a significant influence on the development and maturation of the central nervous system. Among their actions, T3 and T4 have effects on the differentiation of various cell types in the rat brain and cerebellum as well as on the process of myelination. Recently, several investigators have shown effects of thyroid hormones on myelin(More)
Although treatment of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) with a multi-drug approach has been very successful, its toxicity becomes evident after several years as secondary malignancies and cardiovascular disease. Therefore, the current goal in HL treatment is to find new therapies that specifically target the deregulated signaling cascades, such as NF-kappaB and(More)
We have carried out a study of the effects of sustained neonatal hyperthyroidism on myelin and on the oligodendroglial cells, in an effort to obtain further insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying the action of thyroid hormones on the central nervous system (CNS). Expression of the mRNAs of myelin basic protein (MBP) myelin proteolipid protein(More)
Growth-associated protein-43 (GAP-43) is a phosphoprotein whose expression in neurons is related to the initial establishment and remodeling of neural connections. GAP-43 gene expression is known to be regulated at both the transcriptional and the postranscriptional levels. However, very little is known about the cellular mechanism involved in the(More)
Cyst(e)ine residues of bovine white-matter proteolipid proteins were characterized in a highly purified preparation. From a total of 10.6 cyst(e)ine residues/molecule of protein, as determined by performic acid oxidation, 2.5-3 thiol groups were freely accessible to iodoacetamide, iodoacetic acid and 5,5'-dithiobis-(2-nitrobenzoic acid) (DTNB), when the(More)