Ana M Calcagnotto

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e11036 Background: Prevention represents the most effective approach to reducing mortality from breast cancer. To translate our preclinical findings in this regard we are conducting a 2-year randomized clinical trial in healthy postmenopausal women with increased breast cancer risk based on breast density (>25%). METHODS We are studying the effects of(More)
The antiestrogen tamoxifen reduces breast cancer incidence in high-risk women but is unable to inhibit the development of hormone-independent tumors. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA), known ligands of the peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma), generally exert tumor-suppressive effects. Based on the known crosstalk(More)
Toombak is a type of snuff used extensively in the Northern Sudan by a virtually non-smoking/nondrinking population. This Sudanese snuff contains inordinately high levels of the tobacco-specific nitrosamines (TSNAs) Nl-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) and (4-methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK). These are considered to be major contributors to the(More)
Molecular epidemiological approaches are being used to study how physical activity may protect against cancer. Prior epidemiological data suggest that physical activity protects against lung cancer; however, interpretation of these data is complicated by potential confounding by smoking. Glutathione (GSH) detoxifies cigarette smoke carcinogens and the paper(More)
Epidemiologic and laboratory studies indicate that dietary selenium protects against prostate cancer. Results from clinical trials suggest that selenium-enriched yeast (SY) but not selenomethionine (SeMet) may be effective at reducing prostate cancer risk. Our objectives were to directly compare for the first time the effects of SeMet and SY on prostate(More)
Aging represents a major risk factor for prostate cancer; however, mechanisms responsible for this relationship remain unclear. Preclinical and some clinical investigations support the protective role of selenium against prostate cancer possibly through the reduction of oxidative stress. While increased levels of oxidative stress together with decreases in(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Glutathione (GSH) is the most abundant endogenous antioxidant and a critical regulator of oxidative stress. Maintenance of optimal tissues for GSH levels may be an important strategy for the prevention of oxidative stress-related diseases. We investigated if oral administration of liposomal GSH is effective at enhancing GSH levels in(More)
To determine the incidence of p53 mutations in pre-malignant lesions of the oral cavity from individuals without prior history of tobacco use, we have analyzed the conserved regions of the p53 gene (exons 5-9) in archival oral cavity lesion specimens obtained from patients with varied tobacco use histories, by polymerase chain reaction/single strand(More)