Learn More
We established two immortalized cell lines from cerebral cortex of normal (CNh) and trisomy 16 (CTb) mouse fetuses, an animal model of human trisomy 21. Those cells loaded with the fluorescent Ca2+ dyes, Indo-1 and Fluo-3, exhibited increments of intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) in response to external glutamate, NMDA, AMPA and kainate. CTb cells exhibited(More)
We describe here the effects of otilonium bromide (an anticholinergic agent widely used as an intestinal spasmolytic) on whole-cell currents through Ca2+ channels (IBa) and catecholamine secretion in rat adrenal glands and isolated rat chromaffin cells. Otilonium blocked the peak IBa current in voltage-clamped chromaffin cells in a concentration-dependent(More)
Mammalian cells form dynamic cytoplasmic mRNA stress granules (SGs) in response to environmental stresses including viral infections. SGs are involved in regulating host mRNA function and metabolism, although their precise role during viral infection is unknown. SGs are thought to assemble based on functions of the RNA-binding proteins TIA-1/TIAR or Ras-GAP(More)
Murine trisomy 16 is an animal model of human Down's syndrome. We have successfully established permanently growing cell lines from the cerebral cortex of normal and trisomy 16 foetal mice using an original procedure. These lines, named CNh (derived from a normal animal) and CTb (derived from a trisomic foetus), express neuronal markers. Considering that(More)
Down syndrome (DS) in humans, or trisomy of autosome 21, represents the hyperdiploidy that most frequently survives gestation, reaching an incidence of 1 in 700 live births. The condition is associated with multisystemic anomalies, including those affecting the central nervous system (CNS), determining a characteristic mental retardation. At a neuronal(More)
The effect of glycine receptor activation on neurite outgrowth and survival was studied in 5 DIV (days in vitro) spinal neurons. These neurons were depolarized by spontaneous synaptic activity and by glycine, but not by glutamate. These responses were accompanied by increases in intracellular calcium concentration measured with Indo-1 and Fluo-3. Glycine(More)
Community acquired (CA) methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) increasingly causes disease worldwide. USA300 has emerged as the predominant clone causing superficial and invasive infections in children and adults in the USA. Epidemiological studies suggest that USA300 is more virulent than other CA-MRSA. The genetic determinants that render(More)
In order to overcome some of the limitations of conventional microbiological techniques in the diagnosis of human brucellosis, a simple PCR-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (PCR-ELISA) was developed. After amplification of a 223-bp sequence of a gene that codes for the synthesis of an immunogenetic membrane protein specific for the Brucella genus (BCSP31),(More)
Although synaptophysin is one of the most abundant integral proteins of synaptic vesicle membranes, its contribution to neurotransmitter release remains unclear. One possibility is that through its association with dynamin it controls the fine tuning of transmitter release. To test this hypothesis, we took advantage of amperometric measurements of quantal(More)
Various studies have focused in the relative contribution of different voltage-activated Ca(2+) channels (VACC) to total transmitter release. However, how Ca(2+) entry through a given VACC subtype defines the pattern of individual exocytotic events remains unknown. To address this question, we have used amperometry in bovine chromaffin cells. L, N, and P/Q(More)