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Biodiversity studies of native soybean-nodulating rhizobia in soils from the Chinese Hubei province (Honghu county; pH 8, alluvial soil) have been carried out. Inoculation of an American (Williams) and an Asiatic (Peking) soybean cultivar with eleven soil samples led to the isolation of 167 rhizobia strains. The ratio (%) of slow-/fast-growing isolates was(More)
The Sinorhizobium fredii HH103 rkp-1 region, which is involved in capsular polysaccharides (KPS) production, was isolated and sequenced. The organization of the S. fredii genes identified, rkpUAGHIJ and kpsF3, was identical to that described for S. meliloti 1021 but different from that of S. meliloti AK631. The long rkpA gene (7.5 kb) of S. fredii HH103 and(More)
The pleiotropic phenotype of an auxotrophic purL mutant (SVQ295) of Sinorhizobium fredii HH103 has been investigated. SVQ295 forms colonies that are translucent, produce more slime and absorb less Congo red than those of wild-type strain HH103. SVQ295 did not grow in minimal medium unless the culture was supplemented with thiamin and adenine or with thiamin(More)
Different Rhizobium and Bradyrhizobium strains were screened for their ability to produce melanin. Pigment producers (Mel) were found among strains of R. leguminosarum biovars viceae, trifolii, and phaseoli, R. meliloti, and R. fredii; none of 19 Bradyrhizobium strains examined gave a positive response. Melanin production and nod genes were plasmid borne in(More)
Strain SVQ121 is a mutant derivative of Sinorhizobium fredii HH103 carrying a transposon Tn5-lacZ insertion into the nolO-coding region. Sequence analysis of the wild-type gene revealed that it is homologous to that of Rhizobium sp. NGR234, which is involved in the 3 (or 4)-O-carbamoylation of the nonreducing terminus of Nod factors. Downstream of nolO, as(More)
The structure of a polysaccharide from Sinorhizobium fredii SVQ293, a thiamine auxotrophic mutant of S. fredii HH103, has been determined. This polysaccharide was isolated following the protocol for lipopolysaccharide extraction. On the basis of monosaccharide analysis, methylation analysis, fast atom bombardment MS, collision-induced dissociation tandem(More)
The Sinorhizobium fredii HH103 rkp-1 region, which is involved in capsular polysaccharide (KPS) biosynthesis, is constituted by the rkpU, rkpAGHIJ, and kpsF3 genes. Two mutants in this region affecting the rkpA (SVQ536) and rkpI (SVQ538) genes were constructed. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and 1H-NMR analyses did not detect KPS in these mutants.(More)
We have determined the structure of a capsular polysaccharide from Sinorhizobium fredii HWG35. This polysaccharide was isolated following the standard protocols applied for lipopolysaccharide isolation. On the basis of monosaccharide analysis, methylation analysis, mass spectrometric analysis, one-dimensional (1)H and (13)C NMR, and two-dimensional NMR(More)
We have determined the structure of a polysaccharide from strain B33, a fast-growing bacterium that forms nitrogen-fixing nodules with Asiatic and American soya bean cultivars. On the basis of monosaccharide analysis, methylation analysis, one-dimensional 1H- and 13C-NMR and two-dimensional NMR experiments, the structure was shown to consist of a polymer(More)
Sinorhizobium fredii HH103 produces cyclic beta glucans (CG) composed of 18 to 24 glucose residues without or with 1-phosphoglycerol as the only substituent. The S. fredii HH103-Rifr cgs gene (formerly known as ndvB) was sequenced and mutated with the lacZ-gentamicin resistance cassette. Mutant SVQ562 did not produce CG, was immobile, and grew more slowly(More)