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Tuberculosis has been a scourge of humans over many millennia, but questions remain regarding its evolution and epidemiology. Fossil biomarkers, such as DNA and long-chain mycolic acids, can be detected in ancient skeletal and other materials. The phthiocerol dimycocerosate waxes are also robust biomarkers for tuberculosis and sensitive methods are(More)
We describe the use of probit analysis to estimate breastfeeding indicators from current status epidemiological data. A health centre-based sample of 2411 children aged 0-1 year was investigated in Santo Andre, a large town in the Metropolitan Area of Sao Paulo, southeastern Brazil. Mothers were interviewed during routine pediatric consultations and asked(More)
The role of new bone formation on visceral surfaces of ribs in the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in past human populations has been explored by many researchers, using both skeletal remains with known causes of death and archaeological samples. This study focuses, firstly, on adult skeletons from the Coimbra Identified Skeletal Collection in Portugal and(More)
Rhipidocotyle pentagonum (Ozaki, 1924) is reported for the first time in South America parasitizing Auxis thazard and in a new host Katsuwonus pelamis. Tergestia laticollis (Rudolphi, 1819) is reported for the first time in South America and in Thunnus albacares, representing a new host record. Copiatestes filiferus (Leuckart, in Sars, 1885) is recorded for(More)
Psychological adjustment to any chronic disease, such as diabetes mellitus, concerns self-view rearrangement toward self-integrity and self-regulation. Both distance between self and disease paired with positive and negative new identities may contribute to adaptation to diabetes. The present investigation aimed to detect main trends on self-management in(More)
Among the many factors suggested as potential sources of variation in the rate of ageing of the pubic symphysis is occupational/physical activity, but this has yet to be demonstrated. This study's main goal is to determine whether occupational/physical activity influences the aging process in the pubic symphysis. We analyzed a sample of 161 males (18-96(More)
In the last 20 years, studies on human identified skeletal collections have revealed a significant relationship between new bone formation on the visceral surface of ribs and pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). To improve methods of differential diagnosis of respiratory diseases in archaeological skeletons, an investigation was conducted on 197 individuals from(More)
I. INTRODUCTION The media viewing experience is becoming richer and more exciting than ever before as video content becomes available on an increasingly diverse set of devices, including TV sets, personal computers, game consoles, dedicated media boxes, and mobile devices. However, traditional broadcast networks continue to deliver content targeted to the(More)
BACKGROUND In non-diabetic populations, anxious and depressive affective temperaments are associated with stress and distress disorders (anxious and depressive). In type 2 diabetes, distress with diabetes and distress disorders have been associated with metabolic control. There are few studies undertaken on temperament and metabolic control in patients with(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the evidence, and consider the differential diagnosis, for tuberculosis (TB) in juvenile individuals from early 20th century documented skeletons. There are 66 male and female juvenile individuals in the Coimbra Identified Skeletal Collection (CISC) with an age at death ranging from 7-21 years. The individuals died(More)