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Mutations in the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) gene leading to PTEN protein deletion and subsequent activation of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway are common in cancer. Here we show that PTEN inactivation in human T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cells is not always synonymous with PTEN gene lesions and diminished protein expression.(More)
IL-7 signalling is important in regulating both survival and cellular size (growth) of T cells. While glucose metabolism has previously been implicated in the mechanism of IL-7 induced survival and growth, the role of amino acids has not before been reported. Here, we show IL-7 dependent T cell survival does not require either exogenous glucose or amino(More)
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) degrades mRNAs carrying premature translation termination codons (PTCs). Although the core process and several NMD effectors are conserved among species, the involvement of a splicing-dependent signal seems to be specific for mammalian PTC definition. Still, recent data shed new light on physical parameters and mechanistic(More)
Interleukin (IL)-7 is essential for normal T cell development. Previously, we have shown that IL-7 increases viability and proliferation of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cells by up-regulating Bcl-2 and down-regulating the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p27kip1. Here, we examined the signaling pathways via which IL-7 mediates these effects.(More)
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a surveillance mechanism that degrades mRNAs containing premature translation termination codons. In mammalian cells, a termination codon is ordinarily recognized as "premature" if it is located greater than 50-54 nucleotides 5' to the final exon-exon junction. We have described a set of naturally occurring human(More)
Messenger RNA (mRNA) stability is a critical determinant that affects gene expression. Many pathways have evolved to modulate mRNA stability in response to developmental, physiological and/or environmental stimuli. Eukaryotic mRNAs have a considerable range of half-lives, from as short as a few minutes to as long as several days. Human globin mRNAs(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was: (i) to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of mammaglobin as a reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) marker of breast cancer cells; (ii) to determine the incidence of tumor cell contamination of hematopoietic samples from patients with breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS A nested RT-PCR assay(More)
mRNA surveillance pathways selectively clear defective mRNAs from the cell. As such, these pathways serve as important modifiers of genetic disorders. Nonsense-mediated decay (NMD), the most intensively studied surveillance pathway, recognizes mRNAs with premature termination codons (PTCs). In mammalian systems the location of a PTC more than 50 nucleotides(More)
The present work was focused on the development of a simple method aimed at the determination of 12 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and 15 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in landfill leachates and sediments by adapting a domestic microwave oven to perform microwave-assisted headspace solid-phase microextraction (MA-HS-SPME) followed by gas(More)
The importance of microenvironmental factors for driving progression in leukemia has been debated. Previous evidence has pointed to interleukin-7 (IL-7), a fundamental cytokine to normal T-cell development and homeostasis, as an important determinant of the viability and proliferation of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) cells in vitro. In this(More)