Ana Lis Moyano

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Glycans are a class of molecules with high structural variability, frequently found in the plasma membrane facing the extracellular space. Because of these characteristics, glycans are often considered as recognition molecules involved in cell social functions, and as targets of pathogenic factors. Induction of anti-glycan antibodies is one of the early(More)
Gangliosides are glycolipids mainly present at the plasma membrane (PM). Antibodies to gangliosides have been associated with a wide range of neuropathy syndromes. Particularly, antibodies to GM1 ganglioside are present in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). We investigated the binding and intracellular fate of antibody to GM1 obtained from rabbits(More)
Sulfated galactosylceramides (sulfatides) are glycosphingolipids associated with cholesterol- and sphingolipid-enriched membrane microdomains (lipid rafts) and are highly expressed in brain tissue. Although it is known that sulfatide species show heterogeneity in their fatty acid acyl group composition throughout brain development, their lipid raft(More)
Thrombin is a potent regulator of brain function in health and disease, modulating glial activation and brain inflammation. Thrombin inhibitors, several of which are in clinical use as anti-coagulants, can reduce thrombin-dependent neuroinflammation in pathological conditions. However, their effects in a healthy CNS are largely unknown. In adult healthy(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is considered an autoimmune demyelinating disease of the CNS and myelin-derived glycolipids are one of the targets of this autoimmune attack. In this study, we examined for the first time the plasma distribution of sulfatide isoforms. Sulfatides with long-chain (C24 : 0 or C24 : 1) and short-chain (C16 : 0 or C18 : 0) fatty acids(More)
The membrane-bound receptor for platelet-derived growth factor A (PDGFRα) is crucial for controlling the production of oligodendrocytes (OLs) for myelination, but regulation of its activity during OL differentiation is largely unknown. We have examined the effect of increased sulfated content of galactosylceramides (sulfatides) on the regulation of PDGFRα(More)
Immunization of rabbits with bovine brain gangliosides induced an experimental neuropathy, with clinical signs resembling Guillain-Barré syndrome. All the immunized animals developed immunoglobulin G immunoreactivity to GM1 ganglioside. In a few (4 of 27) animals, an additional anti-ganglioside antibody population showing an unusual binding behavior was(More)
A lack of sufficient oligodendrocyte myelination contributes to remyelination failure in demyelinating disorders. miRNAs have been implicated in oligodendrogenesis; however, their functions in myelin regeneration remained elusive. Through developmentally regulated targeted mutagenesis, we demonstrate that miR-219 alleles are critical for CNS myelination and(More)
The induction of neurological signs by immunization of rabbits with gangliosides has been a controversial topic for many years. Recently, Yuki et al. [N. Yuki, M. Yamada, M. Koga, M. Odaka, K. Susuki, Y. Tagawa, et al. Animal model of axonal Guillain-Barré syndrome induced by sensitization with GM1 ganglioside. Ann Neurol 2001;49:712-720.] described an(More)
In prior studies, our laboratory showed that psychosine accumulates and disrupts lipid rafts in brain membranes of Krabbe's disease. A model of lipid raft disruption helped explaining psychosine's effects on several signaling pathways important for oligodendrocyte survival and differentiation but provided more limited insight in how this sphingolipid caused(More)