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Inflammation is a beneficial host reaction to tissue damage and has the essential primary purpose of restoring tissue homeostasis. Inflammation plays a major role in containing and resolving infection and may also occur under sterile conditions. The cardinal signs of inflammation dolor, calor, tumor and rubor are intrinsically associated with events(More)
BACKGROUND Chemokines are a class of cytokines with chemotactic properties shown to be induced by M. tuberculosis or its antigens in vitro and in experimental infection in vivo. A few studies have also demonstrated the expression of chemokines in clinical samples of patients with active tuberculosis (TB). In the present work, we measured the concentration(More)
Bloodsucking parasites such as ticks have evolved a wide variety of immunomodulatory proteins that are secreted in their saliva, allowing them to feed for long periods of time without being detected by the host immune system. One possible strategy used by ticks to evade the host immune response is to produce proteins that selectively bind and neutralize the(More)
Eosinophils are major players in inflammatory allergic diseases such as asthma, hay fever and eczema. Here we show that the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (CDKi) R-roscovitine efficiently and rapidly induces human eosinophil apoptosis using flow cytometric analysis of annexin-V/propidium iodide staining, morphological analysis by light microscopy,(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophils not only defend the body against parasitic infection but are also involved in pathological inflammatory allergic diseases such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and contact dermatitis. Clearance of apoptotic eosinophils by macrophages is a key process responsible for driving the resolution of eosinophilic inflammation and can be defective(More)
PDE4 inhibitors are effective anti-inflammatory drugs whose effects and putative mechanisms on resolution of inflammation and neutrophil apoptosis in vivo are still unclear. Here, we examined the effects of specific PDE4 inhibition on the resolution of neutrophilic inflammation in the pleural cavity of LPS-challenged mice. LPS induced neutrophil recruitment(More)
Eosinophils are multifunctional leukocytes implicated in numerous inflammatory diseases. The present study was conducted to clarify the precise role of eosinophils in the development of colitis by using eosinophil-depleted mice and a novel chemokine-binding protein that neutralizes CCL11 action. Colitis was induced by administration of dextran sodium(More)
CC chemokines play an important role in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Few studies have evaluated the efficacy of therapeutically targeting CC chemokines and their receptors during interstitial lung diseases. In the present study, the therapeutic effects of Evasin-1, a tick-derived chemokine-binding protein that has high affinity for(More)
The inflammatory response is a physiological process that has the major role of restoring tissue homeostasis. However, uncontrolled or unresolved inflammation may cause tissue damage and contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Current pharmacological therapies to treat inflammatory maladies focus on inhibition of the(More)
RATIONALE Eosinophils are key effector cells in allergic diseases, including allergic rhinitis, eczema, and asthma. Their tissue presence is regulated by both recruitment and increased longevity at inflamed sites. OBJECTIVES To investigate the ability of the flavone wogonin to induce eosinophil apoptosis in vitro and attenuate eosinophil-dominant allergic(More)