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The plasma membrane of cells contains enzymes whose active sites face the external medium rather than the cytoplasm. The activities of these enzymes, referred to as ectoenzymes, can be measured using living cells. In this work we describe the ability of living promastigotes of Leishmania amazonensis to hydrolyze extracellular ATP. In these intact parasites(More)
Some protozoa of the Trypanosomatidae family harbor in their cytoplasm bacterial endosymbionts that provide essential nutrients to and induce morphological alterations in the protozoa. In the present study, a close association between endosymbionts and glycosomes, a peroxisome-like organelle where most of the enzymes of the glycolytic pathway are(More)
Baker's yeast cells accumulate osmolytes as a response to several stress conditions such as high-temperature and low-temperature shifts, dehydration, or osmotic stress. One of the major osmolytes that accumulates is trehalose, which plays an essential role affecting the survival of yeast at the time of stress. In this report, we show that trehalose(More)
We show that urea inhibits the ATPase activity of MgATP submitochondrial particles (MgATP-SMP) with Ki = 0.7 M, probably as a result of direct interaction with the structure of F0F1-ATPase. Counteracting compounds (sorbitol, mannitol or inositol), despite slightly (10-20%) inhibiting the ATPase activity, also protect the F0F1-ATPase against denaturation by(More)
The plasma membrane (Ca(2+) + Mg(2+))ATPase hydrolyzes pseudo-substrates such as p-nitrophenylphosphate. Except when calmodulin is present, Ca(2+) ions inhibit the p-nitrophenylphosphatase activity. In this report it is shown that, in the presence of glycerol, Ca(2+) strongly stimulates phosphatase activity in a dose-dependent manner. The glycerol- and(More)
Sorbitol and mannitol, two stereoisomeric osmolytes, inhibit the ATP-dependent Ca2+ transport in inside-out vesicles derived from basolateral membranes from kidney proximal tubules. This inhibition (I0.5 = 400 and 390 mM respectively) cannot be attributed to an increase in Ca2+ permeability, since the rate of EGTA-stimulated Ca2+ efflux from preloaded(More)
In this report it is shown that glycerol (0.5-10% v/v) stimulate the C12-E9-solubilized renal (Ca(2+)+Mg2+)ATPase in the presence of low concentrations of free Ca2+ (< 10(-6) M). At 4% (v/v), the polyol decreases the K0.5 for Ca2+ from 1.15 to 0.22 microM at the high-affinity site, and a very-high-affinity Ca2+ component appears. This component has a K0.5 <(More)
UNLABELLED The presence of IgM class rheumatoid factor RF-M in the serum is one of the ACR criteria for the classification of rheumatoid arthritis RA . OBJECTIVES To compare the sensitivity and specificity of two diagnostic markers for RA in Portuguese patients the 2nd generation anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies anti-CCP2 and the RF-M. (More)
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