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Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a surveillance mechanism that degrades mRNAs containing premature translation termination codons. In mammalian cells, a termination codon is ordinarily recognized as "premature" if it is located greater than 50-54 nucleotides 5' to the final exon-exon junction. We have described a set of naturally occurring human(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs) regulate several biological functions, including cell fate determination and differentiation. Although miR-145 has already been described to regulate glioma development, its precise role in neurogenesis has never been addressed. miR-145 represses sex-determining region Y-box 2 (Sox2), a core transcription factor of embryonic stem(More)
Conserved elements of apoptosis are also integral components of cellular differentiation. In this regard, p53 is involved in neurogenesis, being required for neurite outgrowth in primary neurons and for axonal regeneration in mice. Interestingly, demethylases regulate p53 activity and its interaction with co-activators by acting on non-histone proteins. In(More)
We have previously demonstrated the involvement of specific apoptosis-associated microRNAs (miRNAs), including miR-34a, in mouse neural stem cell (NSC) differentiation. In addition, a growing body of evidence points to a critical role for autophagy during neuronal differentiation, as a response-survival mechanism to limit oxidative stress and regulate(More)
The phenotype of increased Hb A2 typical of beta-thalassaemia (beta-thal) carriers can be reduced to normal or borderline values because of the co-inheritance of a delta-globin gene (HBD, MIM #142000) mutation, which may lead to misinterpretation of diagnostic results. To know the spectrum of delta-globin mutations in the Portuguese population we performed(More)
Calpains are calcium regulated cysteine proteases that have been described in a wide range of cellular processes, including apoptosis, migration and cell cycle regulation. In addition, calpains have been implicated in differentiation, but their impact on neural differentiation requires further investigation. Here, we addressed the role of calpain 1 and(More)
AIMS Apoptosis regulatory proteins, such as p53, play a pivotal role in neural differentiation, through mechanisms independent of cell death. In addition, p53 has been identified as an important regulator of mitochondrial survival response, maintaining mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) integrity and oxidative protection. The aim of this study was to determine the(More)
Nonsense-mediated mRNA decay (NMD) is a surveillance mechanism that degrades mRNAs carrying premature translation termination codons. Generally, NMD is elicited if translation terminates >50-54 nucleotides (nt) upstream of an exon-exon junction. We have previously reported that human beta-globin mRNAs carrying 5'-proximal nonsense mutations (e.g., beta15)(More)
BACKGROUND Stem cell therapy is a strategy far from being satisfactory and applied in the clinic. Poor survival and differentiation levels of stem cells after transplantation or neural injury have been major problems. Recently, it has been recognized that cell death-relevant proteins, notably those that operate in the core of the executioner apoptosis(More)