Ana Lúcia J Coelho

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Alternatively activated (M2) macrophages play critical roles in diverse chronic diseases, including parasite infections, cancer, and allergic responses. However, little is known about the acquisition and maintenance of their phenotype. We report that M2-macrophage marker genes are epigenetically regulated by reciprocal changes in histone H3 lysine-4 (H3K4)(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis exhibits differential progression from the time of diagnosis but the molecular basis for varying progression rates is poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to ascertain whether differential miRNA expression might provide one explanation for rapidly versus slowly progressing forms of IPF. METHODOLOGY(More)
The effects of jarastatin (JT), a monomeric RGD-disintegrin, were compared with those of the heterodimeric MLD-disintegrin, EC3, on human neutrophil activation and functions. Both disintegrins inhibited neutrophil chemotaxis induced by fMet-Leu-Phe and were also potent chemotactic agents. These effects were accompanied by an increase in actin(More)
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process by which epithelial cells undergo phenotypic transition to mesenchymal cells and thus is involved in the pathogenesis of tumor metastasis and organ fibrosis. Notch signaling is a highly conserved pathway that regulates intercellular communication and directs cell fate decisions. Here, we show the critical(More)
We previously demonstrated that jarastatin (JT), a new disintegrin from Bothrops jararaca venom, altered actin dynamics in human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) and inhibited cell migration in vivo and in vitro (14). In this study, we evaluated the effects of JT and two other monomeric disintegrins, kistrin (KR) and flavoridin (FL), on PMN chemotaxis(More)
In this review we focus on the role of chemokines in discreet areas of innate immunity and demonstrate that chemokines are key participants to not only the early inflammatory response to a foreign agent, but important to the sustained immune reaction. Our studies support the concept that a concerted and interactive innate and acquired immune reaction is key(More)
Extracellular matrix proteins and cell adhesion receptors (integrins) play essential roles in the regulation of cell adhesion and migration. Interactions of integrins with the extracellular matrix proteins lead to phosphorylation of several intracellular proteins such as focal adhesion kinase, activating different signaling pathways responsible for the(More)
A new disintegrin, an RGD-containing peptide of 6 kDa called jarastatin, was purified from Bothrops jararaca venom. It is a potent inhibitor of platelet aggregation induced by ADP, collagen, and thrombin. The effect of jarastatin on neutrophil migration in vivo and in vitro and on the actin cytoskeleton dynamics of these cells was investigated. Incubation(More)
Macrophages play a pivotal role in innate and acquired immune responses to Schistosoma mansoni. Classical (M1) or alternative (M2) activation states of these cells further delineate their roles in tissue damage through innate immunity or fibrotic remodeling, respectively. In the present study, we addressed the following question: Does systemic Th2-type(More)
Ocellatusin is a new RGD-containing short monomeric disintegrin. It is a better inhibitor of alpha(5)beta(1) integrin and a more potent inducer of the expression of a ligand-induced binding site epitope on beta(1) integrin subunit than echistatin. In further contrast to echistatin, ocellatusin has a direct chemotactic stimulus on human neutrophils in vitro.(More)