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To facilitate optimal application of appropriate scaffold architectures for clinical trials, there is a need to compare different scaffold modifications under similar experimental conditions. In this study was assessed the effectiveness of poly-e-caprolactone (PCL) scaffolds fabricated by fused deposition modelling (FDM), with varying material(More)
Escherichia coli can cause severe respiratory and systemic infections in chickens, and it is often associated with significant economic losses in the poultry industry. Bacteriophages (phages) have been shown to be potential alternatives to the antibiotics in the treatment of bacterial infections. To accomplish that, phage particles must be able to reach and(More)
In the present work, a new methodology to produce bioactive coatings on the surface of starch-based biodegradable polymers or other polymeric biomaterials is proposed. A sodium silicate gel is employed as an alternative nucleating agent to the more typical bioactive glasses for inducing the formation of a calcium-phosphate (Ca-P) layer. The method has the(More)
Novel porous bilayered scaffolds, fully integrating a silk fibroin (SF) layer and a silk-nano calcium phosphate (silk-nanoCaP) layer for osteochondral defect (OCD) regeneration, were developed. Homogeneous porosity distribution was achieved in the scaffolds, with calcium phosphate phase only retained in the silk-nanoCaP layer. The scaffold presented(More)
The truncated hemoglobin N, HbN, of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is endowed with a potent nitric oxide dioxygenase (NOD) activity that allows it to relieve nitrosative stress and enhance in vivo survival of its host. Despite its small size, the protein matrix of HbN hosts a two-branched tunnel, consisting of orthogonal short and long channels, that connects(More)
Spinal cord injuries (SCI) present a major challenge to therapeutic development due to its complexity. Combinatorial approaches using biodegradable polymers that can simultaneously provide a tissue scaffold, a cell vehicle, and a reservoir for sustained drug delivery have shown very promising results. In our previous studies we have developed a novel hybrid(More)
Infections caused by avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) cause important economic losses to poultry industry. The studies presented herein, aimed at investigating the in vivo performance of a cocktail of three phages in treating severe respiratory E. coli infections in experimentally contaminated birds and naturally infected flocks. Three lytic(More)
This work describes the influence of surface pretreatments over the nucleation and growth of an apatite layer, formed by a biomimetic process, on which a bioactive glass is used as a precursor of the calcium-phosphate (Ca-P) formation on the materials surface. SEVA-C, a corn starch-based biodegradable blend, was used as substrate. The surfaces were(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate gene expression profile by microarray technology and validation by real-time PCR in paired samples of testicular biopsies (pre-surgery and post-surgery) in two patients with varicocele. The microarray analysis showed increased expression levels after surgery in 215 and 52 genes in patient 1 and 2, respectively,(More)
Apatite layers were grown on the surface of newly developed starch/polycaprolactone (SPCL)-based scaffolds by a 3D plotting technology. To produce the biomimetic coatings, a sodium silicate gel was used as nucleating agent, followed by immersion in a simulated body fluid (SBF) solution. After growing a stable apatite layer for 7 days, the scaffolds were(More)