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Functional polymorphisms in genes encoding enzymes involved in folate metabolism might modulate head and neck carcinoma risk because folate participates in DNA methylation and synthesis. We therefore conducted a case–control study of 853 individuals (322 head and neck cancer cases and 531 non-cancer controls) to investigate associations among MTHFR C677T(More)
Polymorphisms in genes that encode P450 cytochrome enzymes may increase carcinogen activation or decrease their inactivation and consequently, promote the development of cancer. The aims of this study were to identify the MspI-CYP1A1, PstI-CYP2E1 and DraI-CYP2E1 polymorphisms in patients with head and neck cancer and to compare with individuals without(More)
Inter-individual variations to methotrexate (MTX) outcome have been attributed to different expression profiles of genes related to folate metabolism. To elucidate the mechanisms of variations to MTX outcome, we investigated MTHFR, DHFR, TYMS, and SLC19A1 gene expression profiles by quantifying the mRNA level of the genes involved in folate metabolism to(More)
Alterations in folate metabolism may contribute to the process of carcinogenesis by influencing DNA methylation and genomic stability. Polymorphisms in genes encoding enzymes involved in this pathway may alter enzyme activity and consequently interfere in concentrations of homocysteine and S-adenosylmethionine that are important for DNA synthesis and(More)
Polymorphisms in the glutathione S-transferase superfamily genes that encodes enzymes involved in the phase II xenobiotic metabolism may lead head and neck cancer development. In this study we investigate the association of A313G and C341T GSTP1 polymorphisms, GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes in the head and neck cancer development, interactions between these(More)
The KiSS-1 metastasis-suppressor gene (KiSS-1) product (metastin, kisspeptin) is reported to act after binding with the natural ligand of a G-protein coupled receptor and this gene product inhibits chemotaxis, invasion, and metastasis of cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the Q36R polymorphism of KiSS-1 in patients with head and neck cancer and to(More)
Folate is an essential nutrient with important roles in the synthesis, repair, and DNA methylation. Polymorphisms in genes encoding enzymes involved in folate metabolism can change these processes and modulate cancer development. We investigated DNMT3B C46359T (rs2424913) and SHMT1 C1420T (rs1979277) polymorphisms related to folate pathway in head and neck(More)
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