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Sporadic Alzheimer disease (sAD) is associated with impairment of insulin receptor (IR) signalling in the brain. Rats used to model sAD develop insulin-resistant brain state following intracerebroventricular treatment with a betacytotoxic drug streptozotocin (STZ-icv). Brain IR signalling has been explored usually at only one time point in periods ≤3 months(More)
Experimental models that faithfully mimic the developmental pathology of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (sAD) in humans are important for testing the novel therapeutic approaches in sAD treatment. Widely used transgenic mice AD models have provided valuable insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the memory decline but, due to the particular(More)
Basic and clinical research has demonstrated that dementia of sporadic Alzheimer's disease (sAD) type is associated with dysfunction of the insulin-receptor (IR) system followed by decreased glucose transport via glucose transporter GLUT4 and decreased glucose metabolism in brain cells. An alternative source of energy is d-galactose (the C-4-epimer of(More)
Sporadic Alzheimer's disease (sAD) is the most common form of dementia. Rats injected intracerebroventricularly with streptozotocin (STZ-icv) develop insulin-resistant brain state and represent a non-transgenic sAD model with a number of AD-like cognitive and neurochemical features. We explored cognitive, structural and ultrastructural changes in the brain(More)
AIM Novel effective treatment is urgently needed for sporadic Alzheimer's disease (sAD). M30 ([5-(N-methyl-N-propargylaminomethyl)-8-hydroxyquinoline]) and HLA-20 (5-{4-propargylpiperazin-1-ylmethyl}-8-hydroxyquinoline) are brain permeable, iron chelating compounds with antioxidant activity, showing also neuroprotective activity in animal models of(More)
Altered adult hippocampal neurogenesis (AN) plays a role in the etiopathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a disorder characterized by a progressive loss of memory and spatial orientation impairment. Diabetes is shown to be one risk factor for the development of the sporadic form of AD (sAD), which affects >95% of AD patients. Streptozotocin(More)
BACKGROUND The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been used to model changes in the central nervous system associated with cognitive-related disorders. Recent human and animal studies indicate a possible relationship between cognitive deficits, insulin resistance and hypertension. We aimed to investigate whether cognitively impaired SHRs develop(More)
Background There is a need in modern pharmacology for a representative animal model which should accurately mimic sporadic Alzheimer's disease (sAD), the prevailing type of dementia in humans, and thus could be suitable for novel drug testing. Rats treated intracerebroventricularly with the betacy-totoxic agent streptozotocin (STZ-icv), have been proposed(More)
Accumulated evidence suggests that the insulin-resistant brain state and cerebral glucose hypometabolism might be the cause, rather than the consequence, of the neurodegeneration found in a sporadic Alzheimer’s disease (sAD). We have explored whether the insulin receptor (IR) and the glucose transporter-2 (GLUT2), used here as their markers, are the early(More)
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