Ana Josefa Soler

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Male reproductive success is determined by the ability of males to gain sexual access to females and by their ability to fertilize ova. Among polygynous mammals, males differ markedly in their reproductive success, and a great deal of effort has been made to understand how selective forces have shaped traits that enhance male competitiveness both before and(More)
Spermatozoa vary enormously in their form and dimensions, both between and within species, yet how this variation translates into fertilizing efficiency is not known. Sperm swimming velocity is a key determinant of male fertilization success, but previous efforts to identity which sperm phenotypic traits are associated with swimming velocity have been(More)
Evolutionary theory proposes that exaggerated male traits have evolved via sexual selection, either through female mate choice or male-male competition. While female preferences for ornamented males have been amply demonstrated in other taxa, among mammals sexual characters are commonly regarded as weapons whose main function is to enhance male(More)
Efforts to test sex ratio theory have focused mostly on females. However, when males possess traits that could enhance the reproductive success of sons, males would also benefit from the manipulation of the offspring sex ratio. We tested the prediction that more-fertile red deer males produce more sons. Our findings reveal that male fertility is positively(More)
In this study, we have determined the effects of individual factor and thawing procedure on in vitro viability and in vivo fertility of frozen-thawed red deer epididymal spermatozoa. The spermatozoa that were collected from 13 Iberian deer stags were diluted at room temperature in a Triladyl-20% egg yolk medium and frozen in nitrogen vapors. In the first(More)
With the aim of finding an ideal cryoprotectant (CPA) in a suitable concentration for red deer epididymal spermatozoa cryopreservation, we evaluated the effects of the 3 most commonly used CPAs, glycerol (GLY), ethylene glycol (EG), and propylene glycol (PG), on sperm cryoresistance. The aim of Experiment 1 was to evaluate the influence of 3 different final(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of the thawing procedure on deer semen freezability. Frozen semen from the Genetic Resource Bank (GRB) of the Zoological Park of Buenos Aires (Argentina) was used. Seven mature stags (two red deer, two Père David's deer and three fallow deer) were used as semen donors. Semen was diluted with a TRIS-egg(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the sperm motility, the plasma membrane integrity and the morphology of red deer spermatozoa when maintained within epididymides stored for 4 days at 5 degrees C, and to evaluate whether such stored spermatozoa are able to withstand a refrigeration process. Thirty pairs of testes, with attached epididymides, were(More)
Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of egg yolk (EY), glycerol, and cooling rate on the cryosurvival of red deer epididymal spermatozoa. The aim of Experiment 1 was to examine the effects of two EY types (clarified EY, CE, prepared by centrifugation, and whole EY, WE), and four EY concentrations (0, 5, 10 and 20%) on cryosurvival of red(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the thawing procedure on red deer spermatozoa distribution in morphologically distinct subpopulations after freezing and thawing. For this purpose, epididymal spermatozoa were thawed using two different thawing protocols (I = 37 degree celsius for 20 s vs. II = 70 degree celsius for 5 s). The(More)