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alpha-Synuclein is a highly conserved presynaptic protein of unknown function. A mutation in the protein has been causally linked to Parkinson's disease in humans, and the normal protein is an abundant component of the intraneuronal inclusions (Lewy bodies) characteristic of the disease. alpha-Synuclein is also the precursor to an intrinsic component of(More)
Cholesterol transport in circulation and its removal from tissues depends on the activity of lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT). LCAT is a soluble enzyme that converts cholesterol and phosphatidylcholines (lecithins) to cholesteryl esters and lyso-phosphatidylcholines on the surface of high-density lipoproteins. This review presents key background(More)
Apolipoprotein AI (apoAI) is the principal protein constituent of high density lipoproteins and it plays a key role in human cholesterol homeostasis; however, the structure of apoAI is not clearly understood. To test the hypothesis that apoAI is organized into domains, three deletion mutants of human apo AI expressed in Escherichia coli were studied in(More)
To elucidate further the conformation of human apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) in lipid-bound states and its effect on the reaction with lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), we prepared reconstituted HDL (rHDL) particles from a reaction mixture containing dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine/cholesterol/apoA-I in the molar ratios of 150:7.5:1. The particles(More)
Limited proteolysis was used to study the domain structure and to produce a large N-terminal fragment of human apolipoprotein AI (apoAI). Digestion of reconstituted high density lipoprotein (rHDL) prepared with apoAI and dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine or palmitoyloleoyl phosphatidylcholine by chymotrypsin, trypsin, elastase, and subtilisin generated a(More)
Apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) is an important ligand for the high density lipoprotein (HDL) scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI). SR-BI binds both free and lipoprotein-associated apoA-I, but the effects of particle size, composition, and apolipoprotein conformation on HDL binding to SR-BI are not understood. We have studied the effect of apoA-I(More)
Microviscosities for the hydrophobic lipid regions of human serum lipoproteins and for dispersions of lipids extracted from the lipoproteins have been determined using fluorescence polarization measurements with 1,6-diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene, a rod-like molecule, as the main fluorescent probe. Additional microviscosity measurements were carried out on LP-X,(More)
The folding and organization of apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) in discoidal, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) complexes with phospholipids are not yet completely resolved. For about 20 years, it was generally accepted that the amphipathic helices of apoA-I lie parallel to the acyl chains of the phospholipids ("picket fence" model). However, based on the X-ray(More)
We prepared and isolated defined, reconstituted high density lipoprotein (r-HDL) particles containing apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I), palmitoyloleoylphosphatidylcholine, and cholesterol. The initial r-HDL were prepared by the sodium cholate method, then part of the preparation was depleted of phospholipid by exposure to LDL, and the resulting, stable r-HDL(More)
Human and bovine A-I apolipoproteins were incubated with multibilayer liposomes of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and several mixtures of these two lipids. The reactions were carried out at temperatures around the transition temperature of the lipids, and the formation of small, micellar complexes of protein(More)