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We have studied the interaction between P1 and P2 purinoceptors in purified type-1 astrocyte cultures from postnatal days 7-8 rat cerebella using single cell microfluorimetry with fura-2. The stimulation of astrocytes with ATP elicits rapid [Ca2+]i transients showing an EC50 value of 7.9 +/- 0.3 microM. Costimulation of type-1 astrocytes with adenosine and(More)
We have examined the expression of mRNA for several P2Y nucleotide receptors by northern blot analysis in purified type 1 cerebellar astrocyte cultures. These results suggest that different P2Y subtypes could be responsible for ATP metabotropic calcium responses in single type 1 astrocytes. To identify these subtypes we have studied the pharmacological(More)
Leaf senescence and associated changes in redox components were monitored in commercial pea (Pisum sativum L. cv. Phoenix) plants grown under different nitrogen regimes for 12 weeks until both nodules and leaves had fully senesced. One group of plants was inoculated with Rhizobium leguminosarum and grown with nutrient solution without nitrogen. A second(More)
6-Hydroxydamine has widely been used as neurotoxin in preclinical studies related on the neurodegenerative process of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson’s disease based on its ability to be neurotoxic as a consequence of free radical formation during its auto-oxidation to topaminequinone. We report that 50-µM 6-hydroxydopamine is not neurotoxic in RCSN-3(More)
RNA interference is an endogenous mechanism present in most eukaryotic cells that enables degradation of specific mRNAs. Pharmacological exploitation of this mechanism for therapeutic purposes attracted a whole amount of attention in its initial years, but was later hampered due to difficulties in delivery of the pharmacological agents to the appropriate(More)
Astrocytes exhibit a form of excitability based on variations of intracellular Ca(2+) concentration in response to various stimuli, including ADP, ATP, UTP and dinucleotides. Here, we investigate the presence of the recently cloned ADP-sensitive receptors, P2Y(12) and P2Y(13) subtypes, which are negatively coupled to adenylate cyclase, in cerebellar(More)
In this work the influence of the nodulation of pea (Pisum sativum L.) plants on the oxidative metabolism of different leaf organelles from young and senescent plants was studied. Chloroplasts, mitochondria, and peroxisomes were purified from leaves of nitrate-fed and Rhizobium leguminosarum-nodulated pea plants at two developmental stages (young and(More)
Mitochondrial respiration provides the energy needed to drive metabolic and transport processes in cells. Mitochondria are a significant site of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in plant cells, and redox-system components obey fine regulation mechanisms that are essential in protecting the mitochondrial integrity. In addition to ROS, there are(More)
Mitochondria play an essential role in reactive oxygen species (ROS) signal transduction in plants. Redox regulation is an essential feature of mitochondrial function, with thioredoxin (Trx), involved in disulphide/dithiol interchange, playing a prominent role. To explore the participation of mitochondrial PsTrxo1, Mn-superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD),(More)