Ana Isabel Calvo Alcalde

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By using isolated membrane vesicles, we have investigated the tenet that D-glucose transport across the intestinal brush-border membrane involves at least two distinct, Na+-activated agencies (D-glucose transport systems S-1 and S-2), only one of which (S-1) can use methyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside (methyl alpha-glucoside) as a substrate. Our results with(More)
D-glucose transport across the intestinal brush-border membrane involves two transport systems designated here as systems 1 and 2. Kinetic properties for both D-glucose and methyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside transport were measured at 35 degrees C by using brush-border membrane vesicles prepared from either control, fasted (48 hr), or semistarved (10 days)(More)
Intestinal inflammatory diseases are the result of multiple processes, including mucosal oxidative stress and perturbed homeostasis between commensal bacteria and mucosal immunity. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognize molecular-associated microorganisms' patterns and trigger innate immunity responses contributing to intestinal homeostasis and inflammatory(More)
Serotonin has been shown to alter the intestinal transport of ions and intestinal motility. These effects may interfere with each other, modulating the whole physiology of the intestine. We have previously shown that serotonin also alters the transport of nutrients. Thus, the aims of the present work were to determine the possible interference between the(More)
In the present study, we have examined the cellular mechanisms mediating the regulation of renal proximal tubular sodium-coupled inorganic phosphate (Na/Pi) transport by thyroid hormone (T3) in young and aged rats. Young hypothyroid rats showed a marked decrease in Na/Pi cotransport activity, which was associated with parallel decreases in type II Na/Pi(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) receptors are expressed in the gastrointestinal tract and play an important role in gastrointestinal activity regulation. 5-HT binding to receptors depends on 5-HT availability, which is, in part, modulated by the 5-HT transporter (SERT) expressed in enterocytes. This work concerns the expression of 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(7) receptors (5-HTR(1A)(More)
Serotonin plays a critical role in the regulation of intestinal physiology. The serotonin transporter (SERT) expressed in the intestinal epithelium determines 5-HT availability and activity. The serotoninergic system and SERT activity have been described as being altered in chronic intestinal pathologies such as inflammatory diseases. Adenosine has also(More)
We examine the impact of changes in microbiota induced by antibiotics on intestinal motility, gut inflammatory response, and the function and expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs). Alterations in mice intestinal microbiota were induced by antibiotics and evaluated by q-PCR and DGGE analysis. Macroscopic and microscopic assessments of the intestine were(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) may interact with either specific receptors or with a specific transporter that takes up 5-HT in the gastrointestinal tract. The purpose of the present work was to study the 5-HT interactions with brush border membrane from rabbit jejunum enterocytes. The results obtained showed(More)
Renal reabsorption is the main mechanism that controls mannose homeostasis. This takes place through a specific Na-coupled uphill transport system, the molecular identity of which is unknown. We prepared and screened a size-selected rat kidney cortex cDNA library through the expression of mannose transport in Xenopus laevis oocytes. We have identified a(More)