Ana Isabel Calvo Alcalde

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Intestinal serotoninergic activity and serotonin transporter (SERT) function have been shown to be altered in intestinal inflammatory diseases. Serotonin (5-HT) plays a critical role in the regulation of gastrointestinal physiology. Activity of 5-HT depends on its extracellular availability, partly modulated by SERT that transports 5-HT into the cell.(More)
By using isolated membrane vesicles, we have investigated the tenet that D-glucose transport across the intestinal brush-border membrane involves at least two distinct, Na+-activated agencies (D-glucose transport systems S-1 and S-2), only one of which (S-1) can use methyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside (methyl alpha-glucoside) as a substrate. Our results with(More)
Serotonin (5-HT) receptors are expressed in the gastrointestinal tract and play an important role in gastrointestinal activity regulation. 5-HT binding to receptors depends on 5-HT availability, which is, in part, modulated by the 5-HT transporter (SERT) expressed in enterocytes. This work concerns the expression of 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(7) receptors (5-HTR(1A)(More)
In the present study, we have examined the cellular mechanisms mediating the regulation of renal proximal tubular sodium-coupled inorganic phosphate (Na/Pi) transport by thyroid hormone (T3) in young and aged rats. Young hypothyroid rats showed a marked decrease in Na/Pi cotransport activity, which was associated with parallel decreases in type II Na/Pi(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) may interact with either specific receptors or with a specific transporter that takes up 5-HT in the gastrointestinal tract. The purpose of the present work was to study the 5-HT interactions with brush border membrane from rabbit jejunum enterocytes. The results obtained showed(More)
Serotonin plays a critical role in the regulation of intestinal physiology. The serotonin transporter (SERT) expressed in the intestinal epithelium determines 5-HT availability and activity. The serotoninergic system and SERT activity have been described as being altered in chronic intestinal pathologies such as inflammatory diseases. Adenosine has also(More)
We examine the impact of changes in microbiota induced by antibiotics on intestinal motility, gut inflammatory response, and the function and expression of toll-like receptors (TLRs). Alterations in mice intestinal microbiota were induced by antibiotics and evaluated by q-PCR and DGGE analysis. Macroscopic and microscopic assessments of the intestine were(More)
D-glucose transport across the intestinal brush-border membrane involves two transport systems designated here as systems 1 and 2. Kinetic properties for both D-glucose and methyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside transport were measured at 35 degrees C by using brush-border membrane vesicles prepared from either control, fasted (48 hr), or semistarved (10 days)(More)
Fluoxetine is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) broadly used in the treatment of human mood disorders and gastrointestinal diseases involving the serotoninergic system. The effectiveness of this therapy depends on repeated long-term treatment. Most of the long-term studies in vivo of SSRI effects on serotoninergic activity have focused on(More)
The serotonin transporter (SERT) has shown itself to be an effective pharmacological target in the treatment of mood disorders and some kinds of gastrointestinal syndromes. Most of the molecular studies of SERT in humans have been carried out using heterologous models. In this work, we have investigated the human enterocyte-like Caco-2 cell line as a(More)