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BACKGROUND Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most abundant type of DNA sequence polymorphisms. Their higher availability and stability when compared to simple sequence repeats (SSRs) provide enhanced possibilities for genetic and breeding applications such as cultivar identification, construction of genetic maps, the assessment of genetic(More)
The genetics and biochemistry of anthocyanins and flavonol biosynthesis and their role in plant organ pigmentation is well established in model species. However, the genetic basis of colour variation is species specific and understanding this variation is very relevant in many fruit and flower crop species. Among grape cultivars, there is a wide genetic(More)
BACKGROUND Genetically defined deficiencies in key components of the innate immune system have been associated with a greater risk of infection. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of genetic variability of innate immune receptors (mannose-binding lectin [MBL], mannose-associated serine-protease-2 [MASP-2], and Toll-like receptors [TLR4]) in(More)
FA (Fanconi anaemia) is a hereditary disease characterized by congenital malformations, progressive bone marrow failure and an extraordinary elevated predisposition to develop cancer. In the present manuscript we describe an anomalous high level of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1beta (interleukin-1beta) present in the serum of FA patients. The elevated(More)
We present clinical and cytogenetic studies of a female patient affected with choroideremia, mild sensorineural deafness, and primary amenorrhea showing a balanced translocation between chromosomes X and 4. The breakpoint was precisely defined applying FISH techniques: 46,X,t(X;4)(q21.2;p16.3).ish t(X;4)(D4S96+, D4F26+; wcpX+). The X-chromosomal breakpoint(More)
HYPOTHESIS Supporting cells have a crucial role in degenerative and regenerative events of primary sensorial hair cells of the organ of Corti. This new role should determine future studies about pathophysiology of hearing loss and its regenerative treatment. SUPPORTING EVIDENCE Recent findings suggest an active role of supporting cells in the maintenance(More)
PROBLEM/OBJECTIVE Nasolacrimal duct obstruction is a common problem. A Song stent is a useful and simple treatment with low morbidity. However, the success rate is limited, especially in long-term follow-up. The aim of the present study is to determine the presence of biofilms in failing nasolacrimal stents. METHODOLOGY Thirty-three polyurethane(More)