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The Agilent microRNA microarray platform interrogates each microRNA with several copies of distinct oligonucleotide probes and integrates the results into a total gene signal (TGS), using a proprietary algorithm that makes use of the background subtracted signal. The TGS can be normalized between arrays, and the Agilent recommendation is either not to(More)
Dendrite branching and spine formation determines the function of morphologically distinct and specialized neuronal subclasses. However, little is known about the programs instructing specific branching patterns in vertebrate neurons and whether such programs influence dendritic spines and synapses. Using knockout and knockdown studies combined with(More)
In spite of the extensive potential of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) in cell therapy, little is known about the molecular mechanisms that regulate their therapeutic properties. We aimed to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) involved in controlling the transition between the resting and reparative phenotypes of hMSCs, hypothesizing that these miRNAs must be(More)
Expansion of human stem cells before cell therapy is typically performed at 20% O(2). Growth in these pro-oxidative conditions can lead to oxidative stress and genetic instability. Here, we demonstrate that culture of human mesenchymal stem cells at lower, physiological O(2) concentrations significantly increases lifespan, limiting oxidative stress, DNA(More)
Estradiol may fulfill a plethora of functions in neurons, in which much of its activity is associated with its capacity to directly bind and dimerize estrogen receptors. This hormone-protein complex can either bind directly to estrogen response elements (ERE's) in gene promoters, or it may act as a cofactor at non-ERE sites interacting with other(More)
UNLABELLED Translocated in liposarcoma (TLS) is a poorly characterized multifunctional protein involved in the genotoxic response. TLS regulates gene expression at several steps, including splicing and mRNA transport, possibly connecting transcriptional and posttranscriptional events. AIMS In this study we aimed to idenfity molecular targets and(More)
Germ-line mutations in LKB1 gene cause the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS), a genetic disease with increased risk of malignancies. Recently, LKB1-inactivating mutations have been identified in one-third of sporadic lung adenocarcinomas, indicating that LKB1 gene inactivation is critical in tumors other than those of the PJS syndrome. However, the in vivo(More)
BACKGROUND A large number of genes are regulated to promote brain repair following stroke. The thorough analysis of this process can help identify new markers and develop therapeutic strategies. This study analyzes gene expression following experimental stroke. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS A microarray study of gene expression in the core, periinfarct(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) regulator Tat is essential for viral replication because it achieves complete elongation of viral transcripts. Tat can be released to the extracellular space and taken up by adjacent cells, exerting profound cytoskeleton rearrangements that lead to apoptosis. In contrast, intracellular Tat has been described(More)
The course of HIV-1 infection shows a variety of clinical phenotypes with an important involvement of host factors. We compare host gene expression patterns in CD3+ T cells from two of these phenotypes: long-term non-progressor patients (LTNP) and matched control patients with standard HIV disease progression. Array analysis revealed over-expression of 322(More)