Ana Cristina do Nascimento Pinheiro

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The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of spider toxins on brain injury induced by oxygen deprivation and low glucose (ODLG) insult on slices of rat hippocampus. After ODLG insult cell viabilility in hippocampal slices was assessed by confocal microscopy and epifluorescence using the live/dead kit containing calcein-AM and ethidium homodimer(More)
GPR91 is an orphan G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that has been characterized as a receptor for succinate, a citric acid cycle intermediate, in several tissues. In the heart, the role of succinate is unknown. We now report that rat ventricular cardiomyocytes express GPR91. We found that succinate, through GPR91, increases the amplitude and the rate of(More)
In spinal cord synaptosomes, the spider toxin PhTx3-4 inhibited capsaicin-stimulated release of glutamate in both calcium-dependent and -independent manners. In contrast, the conus toxins, ω-conotoxin MVIIA and ω-conotoxin MVIIC, only inhibited calcium-dependent glutamate release. PhTx3-4, but not ω-conotoxin MVIIA or ω-conotoxin MVIIC, is able to inhibit(More)
UNLABELLED Subcellular Ca(2+) signals control a variety of responses in the liver. For example, mitochondrial Ca(2+) (Ca(mit)(2+)) regulates apoptosis, whereas Ca(2+) in the nucleus regulates cell proliferation. Because apoptosis and cell growth can be related, we investigated whether Ca(mit)(2+) also affects liver regeneration. The Ca(2+)-buffering protein(More)
The role of calcium channels blockers in ischemic condition has been well documented. The PhTx3 neurotoxic fraction of the spider Phoneutria nigriventer venom is a broad-spectrum calcium channel blocker that inhibits glutamate release, calcium uptake and also glutamate uptake in synaptosomes. In the present study we describe the effect of PhTx3 (1.0(More)
The purpose of the present work was to investigate the pharmacological action of a calcium channel-blocking toxin from the venom of the spider Phonetic nigriventer, Tx3-4 on calcium channels coupled to exocytosis of synaptic vesicles. Tx3-4 blocked KCl-induced exocytosis of synaptic vesicles with an IC50 of 1.1 nM. To investigate whether the target of Tx3-4(More)
In the present study, the neuroprotective effect of blockers of voltage-dependent calcium channels (VDCC) and intracellular calcium stores on retinal ischemic damage induced by oxygen deprivation-low glucose insult (ODLG) was investigated. Retinal damage induced by ODLG was dependent on the calcium concentration in the perfusion medium. When incubated in(More)
1. We have investigated the effect of the volatile anesthetic sevoflurane on acetylcholine (ACh) release from rat brain cortical slices. 2. The release of [ 3 H]-ACh into the incubation fluid was studied after labeling the tissue ACh with [methyl- 3 H]-choline chloride. 3. We observed that sevoflurane induced an increase on the release of ACh that was(More)
The mechanism of action of volatile anesthetics is not completely understood. Calcium release from internal stores may alter signaling pathways that influence neurotransmission. Abnormalities of the regulation of intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) from patients with malignant hyperthermia is a hallmark of this syndrome indicating the potential of(More)
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