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The aim of this study is to identify risk factors for sepsis-related mortality in low birth weight (<1500 g) infants. We performed retrospective cohort study to investigate risk factors for sepsis-related mortality in all neonates birth weight <1500 g admitted to Level III neonatal intensive care unit, Brazil, April 2001/September 2004. Of the 203 cases, 71(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary neoplasm of the liver. A major proportion of HCCs also present mutation of the gene that encodes p53, which confers chemoresistance. The main goal of this work is to investigate the effect of cisplatin, doxorubicin and 5-fluoruracil (5-FU) in three human HCC cell lines which differ in p53(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a worldwide high incidence and mortality. For this reason, it is essential to invest in new therapies for this type of cancer. Our team already proved that human amniotic membrane (hAM) is able to inhibit the metabolic activity of several human cancer cell lines, including HCC cell lines. Taking into account the previously(More)
Vitamin C, available in its reduced form (ascorbic acid; AA) and in its oxidized form (dehydroascorbic acid; DHA), may act in physiological conditions as an antioxidant or pro-oxidant. The aim of this study is to evaluate the cytotoxic effects of pharmacological doses of AA in a human colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line (WiDr) in vitro, through(More)
Delocalized lipophilic cations (DLCs) penetrate plasma and mitochondrial membranes and accumulate in mito-chondria. The higher mitochondrial membrane potentials of neoplastic vs normal cells, in general, account for greater uptake and may be a way to selectively target these cells since. Dequalinium (DQA) is a DLC and so our goal is to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND Farnesyltransferase inhibitors have the ability to interfere with various intracellular pathways, reducing cell survival and proliferation. They have become an attractive tool for cancer therapy, namely acute leukemias. In this work, we have studied the efficacy of α-hydroxyfarnesylphosphonic acid (α-HFPA) in CEM (acute T-cell lymphoblastic(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide, and it has a poor prognosis and few therapeutic options. Radiotherapy is one of the most effective forms of cancer treatment, and P53 protein is one of the key molecules determining how a cell responds to radiotherapy. The aim of this study was to determine the(More)
Several authors have demonstrated the chemoprotective and anti-carcinogenic role of selenium. However, the therapeutic potential of selenium in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) as single agent and as co-adjuvant of the current therapies has not been previously studied. Sodium selenite and selenomethionine, alone and in combination with cytarabine, induce a(More)
BACKGROUND The miR-34 family, under-expressed in-non small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs), are effectors of p53 activation upon irradiation of cells. We evaluated whether the miR-34b overexpression modulates the NSCLCs response to radiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS NSCLC cell lines A549 with V-KI-RAS2 Kirsten Rat Sarcoma viral oncogene (KRAS) codon 12 mutation(More)
Positron emission tomography (PET) using the radiola-beled glucose analogue 18F-FDG allows uncovering gly-colysis processes within cancer cells and reveals high value in diagnosis, staging, relapse and therapeutic response evaluation in several malignancies. Breast cancer presents considerable variability when it comes to 18F-FDG uptake, which results in(More)