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Chloroplast transglutaminase (chlTGase) activity is considered to play a significant role in response to a light stimulus and photo-adaptation of plants, but its precise function in the chloroplast is unclear. The characterisation, at the proteomic level, of the chlTGase interaction with thylakoid proteins and demonstration of its association with(More)
In the present study we show that recombinant bacterial CotA-laccase from Bacillus subtilis is able to decolourise, at alkaline pH and in the absence of redox mediators, a variety of structurally different synthetic dyes. The enzymatic biotransformation of the azo dye Sudan Orange G (SOG) was addressed in more detail following a multidisciplinary approach.(More)
Sea urchins are common inhabitants of wave-swept shores. To withstand the action of waves, they rely on highly specialized independent adhesive organs, the adoral tube feet. The latter are extremely well-designed for temporary adhesion being composed by two functional subunits: (1) an apical disc that produces an adhesive secretion to fasten the sea urchin(More)
BACKGROUND Botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) has been successfully used in the treatment of refractory detrusor overactivity. The toxin is internalized after binding a high-affinity receptor, synaptic vesicle protein 2 (SV2), which is exposed in the cell membrane during the exocytosis process. In the cytoplasm, BoNTA cleaves specific sites of(More)
BACKGROUND Haem-containing proteins are directly involved in electron transfer as well as in enzymatic functions. The nine-haem cytochrome c (9Hcc), previously described as having 12 haem groups, was isolated from cells of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans ATCC 27774, grown under both nitrate- and sulphate-respiring conditions. RESULTS Models for the primary(More)
Sheep and goats differ in diet selection, which may reflect different abilities to deal with the ingestion of plant secondary metabolites. Although saliva provides a basis for immediate oral information via sensory cues and also a mechanism for detoxification, our understanding of the role of saliva in the pre-gastric control of the intake of herbivores is(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of environmental conditions on the antifungal activity of the Bacillus sp. CCMI 1053 cultures. METHODS AND RESULTS The electrospray ionization mass spectra (ESI-MS) analysis was used to detect the active peptides produced by Bacillus amyloliquefaciens CCMI 1051 cultures in a glucose-containing(More)
Nevirapine (NVP) is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor used against human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1), mostly to prevent mother-to-child HIV-1 transmission in developing countries. Despite its clinical efficacy, NVP administration is associated with a variety of toxic responses that include hepatotoxicity and skin rash. Although the(More)
Several strains of Vibrio cholerae secrete a haemolytic toxin of 63 kDa, termed V. cholerae cytolysin (VCC). This toxin causes extensive vacuolation and death of cells in culture and forms an anion-selective channel in planar lipid bilayers and in cells. Here, we identify inhibitors of the VCC anion channel and show that the formation of the anion channel(More)
Tannins are characterized by protein-binding affinity. They have astringent/bitter properties that act as deterrents, affecting diet selection. Two groups of salivary proteins, proline-rich proteins and histatins, are effective precipitators of tannin, decreasing levels of available tannins. The possibility of other salivary proteins having a co-adjuvant(More)