Ana Christina L. Opina

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The design of effective pH responsive MRI contrast agents is a key goal in the development of new diagnostic methods for conditions such as kidney disease and cancer. A key factor determining the effectiveness of an agent is the difference between the relaxivity of the "on" state compared to that of the "off" state. In this paper, we demonstrate that it is(More)
Chemical-exchange saturation transfer (CEST) agents are a new class of MRI contrast agents that offer a number of advantages over conventional Gd(3+) agents. Over the past few years, a variety of small-molecule CEST agents responsive to physiological conditions, such as pH and temperature, have been designed and their imaging applications have been(More)
Lanthanide DOTA-tetraglycinate (LnDOTA-(gly)₄⁻) complexes contain four magnetically equivalent amide protons that exchange with protons of bulk water. The rate of this base catalyzed exchange process has been measured using chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) NMR techniques as a function of solution pH for various paramagnetic LnDOTA-(gly)₄⁻(More)
The amide proton exchange rates in various lanthanide(III) DOTA-tetraamide complexes were investigated by CEST as a function of variable chemical structures and charges on the amide substituents. Comparisons were made between YbDOTA-(gly)(4)(-) (Yb-1), YbDOTA-(NHCH(2)PO(3))(4 (5-) (Yb-2) and YbDOTA-(NHCH(2)PO(3)Et(2))(4)(3+) (Yb-3). The general shapes of(More)
Many Eu(III) complexes formed with DOTA-tetraamide ligands (where DOTA is 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid) have sufficiently slow water exchange kinetics to meet the slow-to-intermediate condition required to serve as chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) contrast agents for MRI. This class of MRI contrast agents offers an(More)
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