Ana Cecilia Rodríguez

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BACKGROUND Detailed epidemiologic studies of cervical type-specific human papillomavirus (HPV) infection in large populations are scarce. METHODS We recruited a population-based cohort in Guanacaste, Costa Rica. Participants were interviewed, screened for cervical neoplasia, and tested for >40 HPV types by use of MY09/11 L1 consensus primer polymerase(More)
BACKGROUND Cross-sectional human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA prevalence peaks at young ages, reflecting sexual acquisition and typically rapid clearance. In some populations, HPV prevalence demonstrates a second peak in older women. Longitudinal data may help to explain this second peak. METHODS We followed a population-based cohort of 7237 women in(More)
Persistent infections with carcinogenic human papillomaviruses (HPV) cause virtually all cervical cancers. Cervical HPV types (n > 40) also represent the most common sexually transmitted agents, and most infections clear in 1-2 years. The risks of persistence and neoplastic progression to cancer and its histologic precursor, cervical intraepithelial(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated coinfection patterns for 25 human papillomavirus (HPV) types and assessed the risk conferred by multiple HPV types toward cervical disease. METHODS Sexually active women (n=5,871) in the NCI-sponsored Costa Rica HPV Vaccine Trial's prevaccination enrollment visit were analyzed. Genotyping for 25 HPVs was performed using(More)
Increased understanding of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection as the central cause of cervical cancer has permitted the development of improved screening techniques. To evaluate their usefulness, we evaluated the performance of multiple screening methods concurrently in a large population-based cohort of >8500 nonvirginal women without hysterectomies,(More)
Due to the high prevalence of cancer-associated types of human papillomavirus (HPV) and the poorly reproducible histologic classification of low-grade lesions, identifying infected women at highest risk for cancer prior to neoplastic progression remains a challenge. We therefore explored the utility of p16INK4a immunostaining as a potential diagnostic and(More)
Childhood leukaemia incidence in Costa Rica during 1981-96, among the highest in the world, was analysed by histology, gender, birth year, time period of diagnosis, age at diagnosis and region. Numbers of cases were extracted from the database of the National Cancer Registry (RNT) of Costa Rica. Person-years at risk were calculated from census data and(More)
OBJECTIVES We wanted to compare detection of a broad spectrum of human papillomavirus (HPV) types detected in cellular specimens from the vagina and cervix, which could provide information about the potential of each anatomical site for harboring infection. Previous studies have failed to present data on or detect a broad spectrum of HPV genotypes and/or(More)
HPV infrequently persists and progresses to cervical cancer. We examined host genetic factors hypothesized to play a role in determining which subset of individuals infected with oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) have persistent infection and further develop cervical pre-cancer/cancer compared to the majority of infected individuals who will clear(More)
CONTEXT Viruslike particle human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines were designed to prevent HPV infection and development of cervical precancers and cancer. Women with oncogenic HPV infections might consider vaccination as therapy. OBJECTIVE To determine whether vaccination against HPV types 16 and 18 increases the rate of viral clearance in women already(More)