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The Xenopus homologue of Drosophila Fizzy and budding yeast CDC20 has been characterized. The encoded protein (X-FZY) is a component of a high molecular weight complex distinct from the APC/cyclosome. Antibodies directed against FZY were produced and shown to prevent calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) from inducing the metaphase to anaphase(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK-3beta) has a central role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Selective inhibitors which avoid tau hyperphosphorylation may represent an effective therapeutical approach to the AD pharmacotherapy and other neurodegenerative disorders. Here, we describe the synthesis, biological evaluation, and SAR of the small heterocyclic(More)
Here we show that segregation of homologous chromosomes and that of sister chromatids are differentially regulated in Xenopus and possibly in other higher eukaryotes. Upon hormonal stimulation, Xenopus oocytes microinjected with antibodies against the anaphase-promoting complex (APC) activator Fizzy or the APC core subunit Cdc27, or with the checkpoint(More)
F. Abe, H. Akimoto, A. Akopian, M. G. Albrow, A. Amadon, S. R. Amendolia, D. Amidei, J. Antos, S. Aota, G. Apollinari, T. Arisawa, T. Asakawa, W. Ashmanskas, M. Atac, P. Azzi-Bacchetta, N. Bacchetta, S. Bagdasarov, M. W. Bailey, P. de Barbaro, A. Barbaro-Galtieri, V. E. Barnes, B. A. Barnett, M. Barone, G. Bauer, T. Baumann, F. Bedeschi, S. Behrends, S.(More)
We present a measurement of the W-boson mass using 200 pb{-1} of data collected in pp[over ] collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV by the CDF II detector at run II of the Fermilab Tevatron. With a sample of 63 964 W-->enu candidates and 51 128 W-->munu candidates, we measure M_{W}=80 413+/-34{stat}+/-34{syst}=80,413+/-48 MeV/c;{2}. This is the most precise single(More)
Although the hallmarks of neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's brains are well known, one of the current difficulties is related to the lack of solid evidence about the ultimate factors that give rise to the pathogenesis of this disease, creating a great challenge for the definition of efficient treatments for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Current therapeutic(More)
BACKGROUND The pathophysiology of the testicular damage in varicocele has not been completely understood. Oxidative stress and related sperm DNA damage have been identified as significant causes of male infertility. The current study was designed to determine the extent of sperm nuclear DNA damage in patients with varicocele and to examine its relationship(More)
Our understanding of the mechanisms by which nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) progresses from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis (NASH) is still very limited. Despite the growing number of studies linking the disease with altered serum metabolite levels, an obstacle to the development of metabolome-based NAFLD predictors has been the lack of large(More)
A new series of donepezil-tacrine hybrid related derivatives have been synthesised as dual acetylcholinesterase inhibitors that could bind simultaneously to the peripheral and catalytic sites of the enzyme. These new hybrids combined a tacrine, 6-chlorotacrine or acridine unit as catalytic binding site and indanone (the heterocycle present in donepezil) or(More)
Integrin alpha4beta1 mediates leukocyte recruitment, activation, mediator release, and apoptosis inhibition, and it plays a central role in inflammatory pathophysiology. High-affinity, selective inhibitors of alpha4beta1, based on the Leu-Asp-Val (LDV) sequence from the alternatively spliced connecting segment-1 (CS-1) peptide of cellular fibronectin, are(More)