Ana C. Londoño

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In previous studies of a genetic isolate, we identified significant linkage of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to 4q, 5q, 8q, 11q and 17p. The existence of unique large size families linked to multiple regions, and the fact that these families came from an isolated population, we hypothesized that two-locus interaction contributions to ADHD(More)
A new genus and species of Dipterocarpaceae,Pseudomonotes tropenbosii, from Amazonian Colombia is described and illustrated. This new taxon, which appears most closely related to the subfamily Monotoideae, is the second reported occurrence of a member of the family in the Neotropics. The new entity differs from the rest of the Dipterocarpaceae in the(More)
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common behavioral disorder of childhood. Preliminary studies with proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) of the brain have reported differences in brain metabolite concentration-to-Cr ratios between individuals with ADHD and unaffected controls in several frontal brain regions including(More)
Interictal proton (1H) MRS is increasingly used for seizure lateralization in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Studies reporting postictal 1H-MRS metabolite changes in patients with TLE are few and contradictory. The authors prospectively performed interictal and postictal proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy imaging (1H-MRSI) studies in seven(More)
Advanced MRI techniques, such as MR spectroscopy, diffusion and perfusion MR imaging can give important in vivo physiological and metabolic information, complementing morphologic findings from conventional MRI in the clinical setting. Combining perfusion MRI and MR spectroscopy can help in patients with brain masses in who the pre-operative differential(More)
The imaging findings of brain-stem lesions are often nonspecific and histological diagnosis is limited because of fear of complications associated with biopsy. A noninvasive method for tissue characterization is therefore highly desirable. We undertook a review of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of patients with solitary brain-stem lesions to(More)
Individuals affected with multiple sclerosis (MS) from a genetically homogeneous Caucasian population in Antioquia, a tropical region of Colombia, were evaluated in order to observe the clinical behavior of the disease. The frequency of clinical manifestations in 65 patients with definite MS from Antioquia was compared with those reported from temperate(More)
PURPOSE Diagnostic uncertainty may arise in patients with occipitoparietal epilepsy when there is neuroimaging evidence of a posterior quadrant lesion and coexistent hippocampal abnormalities ("dual pathology"). It is not known whether hippocampal atrophy (HA) in these patients results from seizure propagation to temporolimbic structures or whether it is(More)
To date, biomarkers based on nonconventional MRI have not been standardized for diagnosis and follow-up of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). The sequential monitoring of pathogenesis in MS by imaging of the normal appearing brain tissue is an important research tool in understanding the early stages of MS. In this review, we focus on the importance of(More)
Binding information in short-term and long-term memory are functions sensitive to Alzheimer's disease. They have been found to be affected in patients who meet criteria for familial Alzheimer's disease due to the mutation E280A of the PSEN1 gene. However, only short-term memory binding has been found to be affected in asymptomatic carriers of this mutation.(More)