Ana C J B Rocha

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1. The present study evaluated the participation of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in the inflammatory and nociceptive responses evoked by carrageenan in the mouse paw. 2. The intraplantar injection of carrageenan (300 microg paw-1) induced a marked and biphasic paw oedema formation (peaks at 6 and 72 h), which was accompanied by a long-lasting(More)
It has been widely demonstrated that LPS is able to induce kinin B(1) receptor up-regulation throughout several models of inflammation. Using an in-vivo system in which LPS was administered systemically, we assessed the participation of the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNFalpha in the functional up-regulation of B(1) receptors in the mouse paw. Systemic(More)
The reddish-brown, brown or yellowish stains of circular or irregular shape known as foxing spots have been fully described in conservation literature but still, this phenomenon does not find any scientific agreement since many hypotheses have been raised concerning their origin. In this work a contribution to foxing definition not only focussed on its(More)
The inner filter effects in synchronous fluorescence spectra (Δλ=60 nm) of sedimentary humic substances from a salt marsh were studied. Accordingly to their type and the influence of plant colonization, these humic substances have different spectral features and the inner filter effects act in a different manner. The fluorescence spectra of the humic(More)
PM(10) continental rural background aerosols were collected during a summer field campaign (August-September 2006) at Lamas de Olo in the upper zone of the Alvão Natural Park, a mountain region of northern Portugal. In addition to the determination of the carbonaceous content by a thermal-optical method, the organic speciation of aerosols was performed by(More)
The surface of gutta-percha cones was evaluated after using five different cutting methods, including a new TipSnip device. The gutta-percha cones were cut off using: 1) TipSnip, 2) a single cut with a scalpel blade using a gauge, 3) two cuts with a scalpel blade using a gauge, 4) a razor blade against a glass slab or 5) scissors. Samples were examined(More)
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