Ana Avellón

Learn More
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) causes hepatitis E, an acute liver disease displaying diverse epidemiological patterns that correlate with the genetic diversity of the virus. Only a few strains have been characterized to date from cases of hepatitis E in Spain. Using three sets of new, HEV-specific primers, viral genome fragments were amplified from serum samples(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a human DNA virus, which replicates through an RNA intermediate because of the reverse-transcriptase (RT) activity of its DNA polymerase. As a result, the mutation rate for HBV is higher than the rate observed for most DNA viruses. HBVs are classified into genotypes based on genomic sequencing, and antigenic subtypes based on the(More)
Brain analysis cannot be used for the investigation of active lyssavirus infection in healthy bats because most bat species are protected by conservation directives. Consequently, serology remains the only tool for performing virological studies on natural bat populations; however, the presence of antibodies merely reflects past exposure to the virus and is(More)
The prevalence in the population of hepatitis B virus (HBV) surface antigen (HBsAg) variants that may impair diagnosis, or allow the virus to escape vaccine-induced immunity or passive immunoglobulin therapy is unknown. A genome fragment encoding HBsAg amino acids 112-212 was amplified and sequenced from the sera of 272 unselected DNA-positive, HBV-chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Acute hepatitis due to hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is both indigenous and imported to Europe. Few studies provide information about the role of HEV as an agent for acute hepatitis in Spain. OBJECTIVES To investigate the frequency of the HEV infection among patients displaying acute hepatitis of unexplained origin in Spain, comparing the(More)
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an infectious agent causing hepatitis among humans. Although hepatitis E has been reported from many European countries, its incidence in Europe is largely unknown, and the prevalence of the HEV infection is also unknown for most countries of the region. Antibody to HEV (anti-HEV) was tested on 2,305 serum samples from the general(More)
BACKGROUND Human enteroviruses (HEV) are the commonest cause of viral meningitis as well as other pathologies, therefore HEV characterization is important both in patient management and epidemiological investigation. OBJECTIVES A 10-year study of patients with enteroviral infection was carried out in Spain to determine the underlying etiology. STUDY(More)
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotypes were studied by a line probe assay (LiPA) and by direct sequencing of a 339 nucleotide fragment from the S region of the viral genome in samples from 269 carriers living in Spain, either native to Spain (231) or immigrants from Africa, Asia, and Eastern Europe (38). The sequences were also used to predict the HBV(More)
Chronic hepatitis E virus infection with rapid progression to cirrhosis is reported in 2 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients with severe immunosuppression. Monotherapy with ribavirin led to temporary viral response and marked improvement of liver damage. Chronic hepatitis E should be regarded as another opportunistic event within HIV(More)
To determine the presence of European bat lyssavirus type 1 in southern Spain, we studied 19 colonies of serotine bats (Eptesicus isabellinus), its main reservoir, during 1998-2003. Viral genome and antibodies were detected in healthy bats, which suggests subclinical infection. The different temporal patterns of circulation found in each colony indicate(More)