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Piroplasmosis caused by tick-borne hemoprotozoans of several Theileria and Babesia species has a major impact on livestock production worldwide. A reverse line blotting assay that includes genus- and species-specific probes for Theileria and Babesia species was used to assess the occurrence of these parasites in blood samples collected from 1407 healthy(More)
Leptospirosis is a growing public and veterinary health concern caused by pathogenic species of Leptospira. Rapid and reliable laboratory tests for the direct detection of leptospiral infections in animals are in high demand not only to improve diagnosis but also for understanding the epidemiology of the disease. In this work we describe a novel and simple(More)
Members of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) are causative agents of human and animal tuberculosis. This complex encompasses several phylogenetically related species, including M. tuberculosis, the main aetiological agent of human tuberculosis, and Mycobacterium bovis, the causative agent of bovine tuberculosis, a relevant worldwide zoonosis.(More)
Bovine tuberculosis has been tackled for decades by costly eradication programs in most developed countries, involving the laboratory testing of tissue samples from allegedly infected animals for detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC) members, namely Mycobacterium bovis. Definitive diagnosis is usually achieved by bacteriological culture,(More)
Tropical or Mediterranean theileriosis is a tick-borne hemoprotozoan disease that poses important health problems in cattle. The etiological agent is the apicomplexan parasite Theileria annulata that occurs around the Mediterranean basin, Middle East, and southern Asia. PCR-based assays have been developed for detecting theilerial infections, and the gene(More)
Sarcocystis species are worldwide spread cyst-forming protozoa that can infect wild boar but little is known about the prevalence of these parasites. In this study we assessed the prevalence of Sarcocystis spp. infections in wild boars from northeastern Portugal, for which novel PCR testing assays targeting Sarcocystis genus, S. miescheriana and S.(More)
Mediterranean Theileriosis is frequently diagnosed in cattle in southern Portugal. This tick-borne hemoprotozoan disease, caused by the apicomplexan parasite Theileria annulata, poses important health problems in cattle in addition to the economic losses caused by decrease of productivity in chronic infected animals. Integrated control strategies for this(More)
Canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) are increasingly being reported worldwide and represent a serious threat to both animal and public health. Military dogs may constitute a risk group for the agents causing these diseases, as they frequently work outdoors in different areas and are thus exposed to vector arthropods. In order to assess the risk of exposure(More)
Borrelia species fall into two groups, the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (Bbsl) complex, the cause of Lyme borreliosis (also known as Lyme disease), and the relapsing fever group. Both groups exhibit inter- and intraspecies diversity and thus have variations in both clinical presentation and diagnostic approaches. A further layer of complexity is derived(More)
A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay was evaluated for the detection of Theileria annulata infection in cattle. The results were compared with a real-time PCR used for the quantification of T. annulata parasitaemia. One hundred bovine blood samples from 16 cattle farms were tested with LAMP and real-time PCR, with T. annulata DNA being(More)