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STUDY OBJECTIVES Actigraphy is generally compared to polysomnography (PSG), which has been considered the gold standard for sleep studies. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the concordance between PSG and two previously proposed algorithms (Cole et al, 1992; Sadeh et al, 1994) to analyze actigraphic recordings. The minute-by-minute(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES The objective of this study is to analyze the influence of a previously reported hPer3 gene-length polymorphism in the delayed sleep-phase syndrome and in morningness-eveningness tendencies at low latitudes in the southern hemisphere. DESIGN We have genotyped a length polymorphism in the hPer3 gene characterized by a short repeat allele(More)
This study compares the prevalence of complaints of insomnia, excessive diurnal sleepiness, parasomnias, and sleep habits of the adult population in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, estimated in surveys carried out in 1987 and 1995. Representative samples of 1000 adult residents per survey were interviewed using a validated structured sleep questionnaire, the(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the patterns of alpha electroencephalographic sleep and their associations with pain and sleep in patients with fibromyalgia. METHODS Pain and sleep symptoms of 40 female patients with fibromyalgia and 43 healthy control subjects were studied before and after overnight polysomnography. Blinded analyses of alpha activity in(More)
Vigilance status was continually monitored in socially stable groups of rats exposed to the modified multiple platform (MMP) technique for sleep deprivation. For comparison, sleep parameters were also monitored in socially isolated rats deprived of sleep by the single platform (SP) method. In all cases, sleep was continuously recorded during baseline,(More)
Hyperhomocysteinemia was initially related to cardiovascular diseases; but homocysteine (Hcy) metabolism disturbances have more recently associated with a wide range of pathophysiological conditions including age-related diseases, disrupted circadian rhythms and gynaecological disorders. Since in many cases we do not know to what extent animal models are(More)
A Clock polymorphism T to C situated in the 3' untranslated region (3'-UTR) has been associated with human diurnal preference. At first, Clock 3111C had been reported as a marker for evening preference. However these data are controversial, and data both corroborating and denying them have been reported. This study hypothesizes that differences in Clock(More)
Multidisciplinary treatment has proven to be the best therapeutic option to fibromyalgia (FM) and physiotherapy has an important role in this approach. Considering the controversial results of electrotherapy in this condition, the aim of this study was to assess the effects of combined therapy with pulsed ultrasound and interferential current (CTPI) on pain(More)
The aim of the present research was to study sleep/wake cycle parameters of adolescents and to examine biologic and social influences on their changing sleep patterns. This was a longitudinal study of sleep characteristics of a group of 66 adolescents (mean age, 13 years and 6 months). The adolescents underwent a physical examination, had their pubertal(More)
The correlations between morningness-eveningness character (Horne & Ostberg score), sleep habits and temperature acrophase of 62 adolescents (mean age 13 years and 6 months) were investigated on three occasions at 6-month intervals. Horne & Ostberg scores ranged from 29 to 74 with a similar distribution on the three occasions. Temperature acrophase mode(More)