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Advanced lipoxidation end products (ALEs) and advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have a pathogenetic role in the development and progression of different oxidative-based diseases including diabetes, atherosclerosis, and neurological disorders. AGEs and ALEs represent a quite complex class of compounds that are formed by different mechanisms, by(More)
Oxidative stress and resulting lipid peroxidation is involved in various and numerous pathological states including inflammation, atherosclerosis, neurodegenerative diseases and cancer. This review is focused on recent advances concerning the formation, metabolism and reactivity towards macromolecules of lipid peroxidation breakdown products, some of which(More)
There is still no therapy method in the colorectal cancers that is good enough for such a complex disease. Combined surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy improved survival, but the side effects and the poor performance status of the patients seriously affect the use of these methods. We used a therapeutical approach of surgery and chemotherapy combined(More)
To create a conditional system for molecular analysis of effects of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on cellular physiology, we have constructed a strain of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) that functionally expresses, under defined conditions, the Delta12 desaturase gene from the tropical rubber tree, Hevea brasiliensis. This strain produces up to 15%(More)
This study used malondialdehyde (MDA) determination by HPLC and enzymatic assays for total serum peroxides and antioxidant capacity to evaluate oxidative stress in 47 healthy full-term small-for-gestational age (SGA) newborns vs 67 appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) newborns. Blood samples were collected at delivery from umbilical cord artery and vein(More)
Although oxygen is essential for aerobic organisms, it also forms potentially harmful reactive oxygen species. For its simplicity, easy manipulation, and cultivation conditions, yeast is used as an attractive model in oxidative stress research. However, lack of polyunsaturated fatty acids in yeast membranes makes yeast unsuitable for research in the field(More)
Lipid peroxidation is highly associated with chronic degenerative diseases such as cancer. 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal is one of the major products of lipid peroxidation. 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal can interact with biomolecules, changing their conformation and activity. This study presents 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-protein adducts formation in the first stages of Long-Evans(More)
Oxidative stress is an important pathogenic factor of cancer and cardiovascular, metabolic and degenerative diseases. On the other hand, mild oxidative stress, as in case of physical exercise, can increase the antioxidant defense system. However, the mechanisms underlying such desirable effects of mild oxidative stress are not well understood, because the(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND Lipid peroxidation (LPO) is an autocatalytic process caused by oxidative stress. It results in the production of 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), which plays a crucial role in hypoxic brain injury, neuronal degeneration and apoptosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of HNE in 120 astrocytic and 40 ependymal tumors in relation(More)
Oxidative stress, i.e., excessive production of oxygen free radicals and reactive oxygen species, leads to lipid peroxidation and to formation of reactive aldehydes which act as second messengers of free radicals. It has previously been shown that oxidative stress may be involved in the transcriptional regulation of cytomegalovirus (CMV) immediate early(More)