An-shan Shan

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The drug resistance problem has been growing with the utilization of current antibiotics in feed and medical industries. LfcinB, a 25-amino acid antibacterial peptide derived from bovine lactoferrin, is one of potential alternatives of antibiotics. According to the bias of codon utilization of Escherichia coli, a fragment encoding LfcinB has been chemically(More)
Gallinacins (Gal) are antimicrobial peptides that play significant roles in innate immunity in chickens. Two Gal genes--Gal-8 and Gal-9--were cloned and sequenced from chicken liver and tongue, respectively, by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In addition, the mRNA expression of these genes has been demonstrated across a panel of(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of Se deficiency on the transcription of inflammatory factors and selenoprotein genes in the kidneys of broiler chicks. One hundred fifty 1-day-old broiler chicks were randomly assigned to two groups fed with either a low-Se diet (L group, 0.033 mg/kg Se) or an adequate Se diet (C group, 0.2 mg/kg Se).(More)
Previous studies have determined the effects of dietary selenium (Se) supplementation on selenoprotein N (SelN, SEPN1), selenophosphate synthetase-1 (SPS1), and selenocysteine-synthase (SecS) mRNA abundance in chicken skeletal and cardiac muscles. To investigate collective responses of these genes to dietary Se concentrations ranging from deficiency to(More)
Typical peptides composed of Phe, Ile, and Arg residues have not been reported, and the effect of the helix-forming unit (HFU) composed of the tripeptide core on biological activity remains unclear. In this study, multimers of the 3-residue HFU were designed to investigate the structure–function relationships. The in vitro biological activities of the(More)
Defensins are important components in host defense systems. The therapeutic use of β-defensins is limited by their innate toxicity and high cost due to the size and complex disulfide pairing. In this study, we used linear avian β- defensin-4 (RL38) without disulfide bonds as model peptide to derive two peptides by the truncation. GL23 is the C-terminal(More)
Antimicrobial peptides are major components of the innate self-defence system and a large number of peptides have been designed to study the mechanism of action. In the present study, a small combinatorial library was designed to study whether the biological activity of Val/Arg-rich peptides is associated with targeted cell membranes. The peptides were(More)
In this study, the peptides were designed to compare the effect of multiple Leu or Val residues as the hydrophobic side of an α-helical model on their structure, function, and interaction with model membranes. The Leu-rich peptides displayed 4- to 16-fold stronger antimicrobial activity than Val-rich peptides, while Val-containing peptides showed no(More)
Short antimicrobial peptides were designed and synthesized by C-terminal truncation and residue substitution of avian β-defensin-4. The biological activity of these peptides was examined to elucidate the quantitative structure-activity relationships and find a lead peptide for the development of a novel antimicrobial peptide. The results showed that the(More)
A novel α-helical antimicrobial peptide G6 rich in Val/Arg residues has been screened previously. In this study, we further evaluated the biochemical stability, interaction with whole bacteria, and in vivo therapeutic or prophylactic role of the peptide in Salmonella typhimurium-infected mice. The results showed that G6 exhibited strong resistance to pH,(More)