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Electrophysiological and molecular characteristics of voltage-dependent calcium (Ca(2+)) channels were studied using whole-cell patch clamp, polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting in smooth muscle cells freshly isolated from dog basilar artery. Inward currents evoked by depolarizing steps from a holding potential of -50 or -90 mV in 10 mm barium(More)
Cerebral vasospasm is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). It is a sustained constriction of the cerebral arteries that can be reduced by endothelin (ET) receptor antagonists. Voltage-gated Ca(2+) channel antagonists such as nimodipine are relatively less effective. Endothelin-1 is not increased enough(More)
Long-term environmental light-mediated changes in visual cell transduction proteins were studied to assess the influence of rearing environment on their levels and their potential effects on intense light-induced retinal damage. The levels of rhodopsin, S-antigen and the alpha subunit of transducin were measured in whole eye detergent extracts, retinal(More)
In this paper, a model for Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat focal ischemic cerebral injury is presented. Based on this experimental model, the electroencephalogram (EEG) from the ischemic region and from a normal region are collected during the first 30 min of ischemia. The EEG bispectrum analysis is carefully investigated by using the third-order recursion method.(More)
We tested the effects of cyclothiazide (CTZ), an agent used to block desensitization of AMPA-type glutamate receptors, on heterologously expressed GABA(C) receptors formed by homomeric rho subunits. CTZ inhibition of GABA(C) receptors was subunit specific; it produced a dose-dependent reduction of the GABA-elicited current on homomeric rho2 receptors with(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous, non-coding, small RNAs that regulate gene expression and function, but little is known about regulation of miRNAs in the kidneys under normal or pathologic conditions. Here, we sought to investigate the potential involvement of miRNAs in renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and angiogenesis and to define some(More)
Photochemical switches represent a powerful method for improving pharmacological therapies and controlling cellular physiology. Here we report the photoregulation of GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)Rs) by a derivative of propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol), a GABA(A)R allosteric modulator, which we have modified to contain photoisomerizable azobenzene. Using(More)
The effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on proliferation and cell fate determination of neural stem cells (NSCs) have been investigated. NSCs were co-cultured with MSCs or NIH3T3 cells using an in vitro transwell system. After 4 days, immunofluorescence staining showed that the number of cells positive for the cell proliferation antigen, ki-67, in(More)
PURPOSE Propofol (2,6-diisopropyl phenol), a widely used systemic anesthetic, is known to potentiate GABA(A) receptor activity in a number of CNS neurons and to produce changes in electroretinographically recorded responses of the retina. However, little is known about propofol's effects on specific retinal neurons. The authors investigated the action of(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the influence of lanthanum chloride (LaCl3) on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in RAW264.7 macrophages with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) induction, and to investigate its possible mechanisms. METHODS The RAW264.7 macrophages were randomly divided into four groups: i. e, control group (without treatment), LaCl3 group(More)