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Electrophysiological and molecular characteristics of voltage-dependent calcium (Ca(2+)) channels were studied using whole-cell patch clamp, polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting in smooth muscle cells freshly isolated from dog basilar artery. Inward currents evoked by depolarizing steps from a holding potential of -50 or -90 mV in 10 mm barium(More)
Long-term environmental light-mediated changes in visual cell transduction proteins were studied to assess the influence of rearing environment on their levels and their potential effects on intense light-induced retinal damage. The levels of rhodopsin, S-antigen and the alpha subunit of transducin were measured in whole eye detergent extracts, retinal(More)
In this paper, a model for Sprague-Dawley (SD) rat focal ischemic cerebral injury is presented. Based on this experimental model, the electroencephalogram (EEG) from the ischemic region and from a normal region are collected during the first 30 min of ischemia. The EEG bispectrum analysis is carefully investigated by using the third-order recursion method.(More)
Photochemical switches represent a powerful method for improving pharmacological therapies and controlling cellular physiology. Here we report the photoregulation of GABA(A) receptors (GABA(A)Rs) by a derivative of propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol), a GABA(A)R allosteric modulator, which we have modified to contain photoisomerizable azobenzene. Using(More)
BACKGROUND Human heart failure is associated with decreased cardiac voltage-gated Na+ channel current (encoded by SCN5A), and the changes have been implicated in the increased risk of sudden death in heart failure. Nevertheless, the mechanism of SCN5A downregulation is unclear. A number of human diseases are associated with alternative mRNA splicing, which(More)
Arteries that develop vasospasm after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) may have altered contractility and compliance. Whether these changes are due to alterations in the smooth muscle cells or the arterial wall extracellular matrix is unknown. This study elucidated the location of such changes and determined the calcium sensitivity of vasospastic arteries.(More)
We tested the effects of cyclothiazide (CTZ), an agent used to block desensitization of AMPA-type glutamate receptors, on heterologously expressed GABA(C) receptors formed by homomeric rho subunits. CTZ inhibition of GABA(C) receptors was subunit specific; it produced a dose-dependent reduction of the GABA-elicited current on homomeric rho2 receptors with(More)
I. INTRODUCTION Networks having very high degree of interconnection are vulnerable to the disruptive events such as floods, earthquakes, power outages, electronic attacks, etc. Such regional damages are usually unpredictable and may simultaneously destroy multiple network facilities in a specific geographical area, which result in a long period of network(More)
PURPOSE Propofol (2,6-diisopropyl phenol), a widely used systemic anesthetic, is known to potentiate GABA(A) receptor activity in a number of CNS neurons and to produce changes in electroretinographically recorded responses of the retina. However, little is known about propofol's effects on specific retinal neurons. The authors investigated the action of(More)
All three classes of receptors for the inhibitory neurotransmitter GABA (GABAR) are expressed in the retina. This study investigated roles of GABAR, especially GABACR (GABA(A)-ρ), in retinal signaling in vivo by studying effects on the mouse electroretinogram (ERG) of genetic deletion of GABACR versus pharmacological blockade using receptor antagonists.(More)