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Autophagy and apoptosis are two important catabolic processes contributing to the maintenance of cellular and tissue homeostasis. Autophagy controls the turnover of protein aggregates and damaged organelles within cells, while apoptosis is the principal mechanism by which unwanted cells are dismantled and eliminated from organisms. Despite marked(More)
High plasma copeptin level has been associated with one-month mortality after traumatic brain injury. However, not much is known regarding its relation with long-term outcome. Thus, we investigated the ability of copeptin to predict 1-year outcome in patients with traumatic brain injury. One hundred and six healthy controls and 106 patients with acute(More)
BACKGROUND 8-Iso-Prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α) is considered as a gold standard for measuring oxidative stress in vivo. The present study was undertaken to investigate plasma 8-iso-PGF2α concentrations in severe human traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to analyze its correlation with disease outcome. METHODS One hundred six healthy subjects and 106 severe(More)
Early brain injury (EBI), following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), includes blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption and consequent edema formation. This study aims to evaluate the effect of lycopene on early brain injury and inflammation in SAH. Neurological deficits, brain water content and Evans blue dye extravasation were evaluated after the treatment with(More)
Neuroglioma is the most common primary malignant tumor in neurosurgery. Due to its short survival period and high patient mortality rate, neuroglioma is a major challenge in clinics. Elucidating the pathogenic mechanisms and associated molecular targets of neuroglioma can therefore benefit diagnosis and treatment of glioma. Previous studies have established(More)
Higher plasma visfatin concentration has been associated with clinical outcomes of traumatic brain injury. No published information exists to date about change in plasma visfatin after intracerebral hemorrhage. This study included one hundred and twenty-eight healthy controls and 128 patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. The unfavorable outcome was(More)
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