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MOTIVATION Protein backbone torsion angle prediction provides useful local structural information that goes beyond conventional three-state (alpha, beta and coil) secondary structure predictions. Accurate prediction of protein backbone torsion angles will substantially improve modeling procedures for local structures of protein sequence segments, especially(More)
MOTIVATION A large body of experimental and theoretical evidence suggests that local structural determinants are frequently encoded in short segments of protein sequence. Although the local structural information, once recognized, is particularly useful in protein structural and functional analyses, it remains a difficult problem to identify embedded local(More)
Wilson disease (WD) and Menkes disease (MNK) are inherited disorders of copper metabolism. The genes that mutate to give rise to these disorders encode highly homologous copper transporting ATPases. We use yeast and mammalian two-hybrid systems, along with an in vitro assay to demonstrate a specific, copper-dependent interaction between the six(More)
The nucleoprotein (NP) of the influenza virus exists as trimers, and its tail-loop binding pocket has been suggested as a potential target for antiinfluenza therapeutics. The possibility of NP as a drug target was validated by the recent reports that nucleozin and its analogs can inhibit viral replication by inducing aggregation of NP trimers. However,(More)
Little is known about the structure of the C terminus of the human cardiac voltage-gated sodium channel alpha subunit (SCN5A), but disease-linked mutations within this 244-amino acid intracellular region of the channel have marked effects on channel inactivation. Here we report a structural analysis of the C-terminal tail of the cardiac Na(+) channel that(More)
MOTIVATION The quality of a model structure derived from a comparative modeling procedure is dictated by the accuracy of the predicted sequence-template alignment. As the sequence-template pairs are increasingly remote in sequence relationship, the prediction of the sequence-template alignments becomes increasingly problematic with sequence alignment(More)
Non-covalent protein-carbohydrate interactions mediate molecular targeting in many biological processes. Prediction of non-covalent carbohydrate binding sites on protein surfaces not only provides insights into the functions of the query proteins; information on key carbohydrate-binding residues could suggest site-directed mutagenesis experiments, design(More)
We have identified a novel isoform of rat caspase-9 in which the C terminus of full-length caspase-9 is replaced with an alternative peptide sequence. Casp-9-CTD (where CTD is carboxyl-terminal divergent) is expressed in multiple tissues, with the relative highest expression observed in ovary and heart. Casp-9-CTD was found primarily in the cytoplasm and(More)
The site on the HIV-1 gp120 glycoprotein that binds the CD4 receptor is recognized by broadly reactive antibodies, several of which neutralize over 90% of HIV-1 strains. To understand how antibodies achieve such neutralization, we isolated CD4-binding-site (CD4bs) antibodies and analyzed 16 co-crystal structures -8 determined here- of CD4bs antibodies from(More)
Electrical activity in nerve, skeletal muscle, and heart requires finely tuned activity of voltage-gated Na+ channels that open and then enter a nonconducting inactivated state upon depolarization. Inactivation occurs when the gate, the cytoplasmic loop linking domains III and IV of the alpha subunit, occludes the open pore. Subtle destabilization of(More)